如何说出一口标准英式英语?

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在一些电影电视剧中,英式英语语法和发音字正腔圆的样子非常吸引人 区别于美式,请问平常如何锻炼或者加强这种发音呢

每次看英剧和英国电影时,就觉得英伦腔简直太好听了!

最喜欢的英国电影《时空恋旅人》,每年都要拿出来看两三遍的经典之作,就是因为这部电影秒变瑞秋的脑残粉,今年瑞秋的《聚焦》也是非常棒的一部作品。

废话少说吧,英式英语它的独具魅力是值得用心来学习的,不管你是基于兴趣还是学习,都值得我们为之努力。

不过在网上基本上也找不到什么英式英语学习的网站,而且市面上有关英式英语的学习资源都是比较散的,于是就整理一些口碑较高的学英式英语的学习网站和英式英语的学习资源。

1、BBC专业英式音标 pan.baidu.com/s/1hsbJie

学英式英语最基本的是音标了,很多人都在纠结到底要选择什么样的英式英语音标,找app练习吧,担心不标准,毕竟现在很多做app的人员不一定是专业的人事。

而这个BBC英式音标发音教程是BBC官方出版的一套音标教程,而这个视频的有点就是,从不同的角度展示了老师的嘴型,每个音标还有不同单词的练习和对比。

2、英式英语词典 pan.baidu.com/s/1kVarfe

英式英语和美式英语最大的不同就是发音和词汇,两者缺一不可。所以想要讲一口正宗的英式英语,一个英式的学习词典是必备的。

而市面上虽然有很多出名的字典,比如剑桥、牛津、韦氏、柯林斯等等,但是字典也是分美式字典和英式字典的,如果真的想要学英式英语的话,还是采用一本专业的英式英语字典为好,推荐的字典柯林斯和牛津。

3、英式英语口语网站 英式英语一对一私人订制

想要讲一口正宗地道的英式英语,怎么少得了英式英语口语网站呢?强烈推荐的就是乐知!这是一个老牌的在线英语学习网站,而且最新推出了英式英语外教一对一服务,都是英国本土的老师,而且老师师资力量很强大,想要说一口正宗英式英语的朋友不要错过。

4、BBC Learning English BBC Learning English

最为英国权威的媒体网站,BBC教学频道也是一个很不错的学习平台,从基础到高级都有不错的资源。而且也可以平时多浏览BBC的新闻,还有广播视频来锻炼听力和口语。

5、多看英式英语原著书籍

看英文原著来学一些词语的用法,还有可以了解一些英国习俗。不过在选取书本时,最好选择偏英国的作者书籍。其实英美文化的差异还是挺大的。

英语水平高的完全可以看莎士比亚的著作,还有简·奥斯丁、狄更斯,不过找到合适自己的目前水平的才是最重要的。

6、看英剧

看英剧应该是最具娱乐性的学英式英语的方法了,当然也要选择偏口语化,生活化的影视剧,你不能通过看《权利的游戏》那锻炼你的英语水皮吧?《权利的游戏》是一部偏奇幻剧的英剧,而且在语言词汇运用方面根本就不是我们平时生活能用到的,所以纯属看剧娱乐一下还不错,要是真的用来学英语就有点困难了。

不过其实除了英剧,也可以看英国电影,一些现代的生活片既有趣又能够提升英语口语。

最后,英式英语是很值得花时间和经历学习的,相信自己的选择。加油!祝大家早日讲一口标准的英式英语!

转载来源:【最全整理】英式英语学习网站和资源大全!

英国 英语 英剧 英语口语 英式英语

在欧美有哪些他们普及的词汇而我们却不熟悉?

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在美剧里好像什么甲烷丙烷和一些生物上的名称大家好像都朗朗上口,或者时不时蹦出一些在他们看来都是常识的很多理科方面的词汇,在他们看来这些化学物质好像都是很直观的东西,而国内人都只会觉得时很抽象的化学物质吧~
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除了对理科方面的,其他生活的、哲学的概念也希望各位能够科普下吧~
他们有好多各个领域的概念都比我们义务教育阶段的要超前啊~但是在他们眼里就是常识一样~
还有例如一些什么症 什么症的~说出来不用解释大家好像都懂的样子~

在美国待了一年多,对这个问题非常有感触,斗胆来回答下,以美国口语为主,不保证能在其他国家全部适用。
-衣-
这个分类太多了,一时讲不过来,去美国购物网站上多看看就明白了,asos(好吧这不是美国而是英国的)或American eagle。

-食-
veggie:素食主义者,吃奶类和鸡蛋。
vegan:更严格的素食主义者,杜绝一切动物类制品。

peanut butter:花生酱
clam chowder:类似必胜客的奶油蛤蜊汤
blue cheese:一种味道很怪的奶酪,尝试前做好心理准备,不排除吃一口恶心一天的可能,也不排除你会爱上它的可能...
sandwich:有意思的是,国内人以为含白面包、火腿、生菜、鸡蛋的三角形食物叫sandwich,但其实在美国,sandwich含义更宽泛。大概是指所有两片非圆形面包夹起来的食物,中间夹层可以是turkey(火鸡肉),vegetables(素),ham,roast beef (感谢 @Cathy Han更正我的错误!)
appetizer:开胃菜
entrée:(en发“昂”的音),主菜

cereal:(蛋奶星星那类脆脆的)麦片,泡凉牛奶喝的。美国最流行食物之一。强烈建议出国的朋友背下来各种cereal的品牌,记住他们的样子,有的时候被问最喜欢哪种cereal也不会尴尬了,而且...绝壁直接反映你对美国文化的了解和把握。我最喜欢special K with strawberries和frosted flakes~\(≧▽≦)/~
oatmeal:燕麦片,用热水/热牛奶冲的。注意和cereal区分。

whole milk:全脂牛奶
skim/fat free milk:脱脂牛奶

root beer:根汁汽水,和ice-cream组成的float特别好吃,是美国流行饮料,不是美国特色,骚瑞!(感谢 @赵高 !)
s'mores:篝火(bonfire)或壁炉旁的北美特色小吃,简单讲就是俩饼干夹着巧克力,用木棍把一块棉花糖(marshmallow)放在火上烤,化了之后塞在饼干和巧克力里,夹着吃。

楼上评论有人说看看master chef就都会了,我没看过,但这点子挺好的。

-病-
STD:sexually transmitted diseases,性传染病,就是性病。
ADHD:Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder,注意力缺失多动障碍,就是咱们说的多动症,但有这个病孩子可以申请考试延长时间,有的家长就故意让孩子“被诊断”出这个病以在学习上占优势,反正挺controversial的。
OCD:楼上有人说了,强迫症,不讲了。
narcissistic:自恋的,narcissist:~的人
paranoid:患被害妄想/偏执症的,严格来讲,多数时候用不是说这人真被诊断出这个病,就是大家吐槽的时候用一用。

-住-
bathroom:想上卫生间的时候说这个词
toilet:具体指马桶

shower:这个词作名词是可以指宿舍的浴室
detergent:洗衣液
shampoo:洗发水
body wash:沐浴露
towel:浴巾

water fountain:饮水器,就美国一按就出水的那个东西。当然也可指喷泉,不过语境不同,一般不会被理解错。

tampon:导管(美国人不怎么用棉条;不care膜的问题的妹子,强推)
pads:卫生巾(厕所的自动贩卖机上会写成napkins)
period:月经(when is your period?你姨妈啥时候来?)
PMS:经前综合症(狂躁、食欲暴增、低沉etc)


napkins:特指餐桌上的餐巾纸
toilet paper:擦屁屁的厕纸哟`_ >`
paper towel:特指卫生间里洗完手用来擦手的,或者厨房里放的圆筒形厚卫生纸
tissues:抽取纸巾(区别这四者蛮重要!)


-口语常用-
my bad:我错了,我的错
absolutely:那必须
exactly:就是说啊~
jerk:傻逼
obnoxious:讨厌死惹,烦爆惹
annoying:同上
see ya:丫咱待会儿见...其实是再见
cliché:发音“可力谁”,主要指一个idea很俗套
peptalk:动员演说(比如我钢琴演出前我老师就给了我一个peptalk,让我放轻松、enjoy等)
what's up:这个曾经纠结我好久,其实就是见面时问咋啦的意思,回答的时候可以说not much/nothing much,跟熟人儿也可讲讲刚发生的事儿(看评论很多人都纠结过这个哈哈哈)。评论里的知友说还可以用hi/what's up回复。
I feel you:嗯嗯懂你
pull all nighters:熬通宵(注意pull和pool,full和fool的发音不同,full的发音是“否”,fool的发音是“父——哦”)
screw up:搞砸 (a test等)
mess up (with):和...乱搞(don't mess up with those hockey guys别和打冰球的男生鬼混;don't mess up your presentation别把你的presentation搞砸)
make a fuss about:大惊小怪,大发牢骚(I don't know why everybody makes such a fuss about a few mosquitoes.我不知道为啥大家要对几只蚊子大惊小怪)
by any chance:恰巧,这个要在问别人是否有某物的时候用,do you have/have you got a pencil by any chance?你是不是恰巧有根铅笔可以借我?(好吧这翻译太差了,大家感受下就好)
provocative:(形容人/物)调戏的,撩人的
flirt:和...调戏(~ around,~ with);形容词flirty,名词flirt
wasted:烂醉(感谢 @兰尼补充!)

sassy:这个不好翻,字典不准,大概是improperly bold的意思,也有评价别人时自己很屌的感觉,高手可以帮忙解释一下。
sick/ill - 屌(感谢 @兰尼 补充!)
mean:凶,挑剔,抓人不放的那种,但这个词没有那么贬义,开玩笑的时候也可以说wow why are you so mean to that freshman!哇你干嘛对那个一年级新生那么凶撒。
swag:拽(是这意思吗各位?一开始我以为是secretly we are gay的意思=。=)
chill:adj.(形容人)酷,随和,不事儿逼;(形容天气)微凉,但不到冷的程度(It's a bit chilly out there.外面有点凉)(感谢 @Yaolon !);v.放松,享受下,玩玩儿(The teacher's not here. Let's just chill.老师不在,咱就放松下吧。)(感谢 @闻庭 ,不知道这个翻译符不符合你的感觉?)

I'm done doing sth: 我不...了。比如一件事儿你已经说了半天,不想再说了,你就可以说:I'm done talking.
nevermind:算了,别管了,当我没提
whatever:╮(╯▽╰)╭
seriously?:真的?(很多人提名这个耶!)
-学习-
curve:正态。用法灵活,可做名词或动词。用法是:Ms. Olsen gives really nice curves. I got an 80 in the last test but she curved it to a 95. 所以留学的朋友们选课时可以问问同学这个问题,关乎GPA啊啊~(感谢 @physixfan 卧槽捕捉到野生物理phD!XD)
harsh or tough grader/easy grader:打分严/松的老师

interdisciplinary:跨学科的,如~ project,discipline是学科的高端说法,有时被学生吐槽哈哈。
eraser:这么简单的词为什么要放在这儿?留美同学说橡皮时一律用eraser别用rubber(英),这在美国是套套的意思。据说Emma Watson也翻过这个小错误=)

essay:英语议论文
paper:论文,research ~学术论文,跟你英语写的议论文(essay)不一样

due:截止,交(作业)。-when is the paper due?论文啥时候要交?it's due tonight.今晚截止。
assignment:一项作业,强调某一项。但和homework区别也没那么大。Please turn in your assignment on Tuesday.
work:他们好像不怎么说homework,直接说“I have so much work to do"

先写这么多,谢谢点了赞同的知友!以后会不断更新。
另外评论里大家列出来好多很棒的用法,也纠正了我的一些错误,谢谢大家惹!

PS:感觉format已经各种乱了...大家凑合下看吧,等我有时间整理一下...

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停更了,谢谢大家支持。

文化差异 英语 英语学习 英语口语

韦博国际英语收费贵吗?值得报名?

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韦博国际英语收费贵吗?值得报名吗?
网上看了很多,环境是不错,但是差评太多了,不敢去报 来问问先
有谁知道捏

韦博英语学习环境很好啊,不过学费蛮贵的,一年给个几万块学费,压力会比较大。我觉得还不如选择一些在线培训机构呢,上课省时省力,夏天谁还想往外面跑,最近我一朋友报了一家在线英语培训的,一到上课就拿着电话在和老外一对一上课,能在家里上课我觉得挺好的,不用那么累,我要了个课程地址给你:spiiker.com/daily/? 可以去听听这个课程,免费的。

英语 英语学习 英语听力 英语口语

「矫情」用英语怎么说?

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Melodramatic. 指在并非很有意义的场合下表现出过度夸张的情绪(时常是负面情绪),俗称矫情。

drama queen是可以用来形容矫情的人的,是dramatic的最高级,指的是特别喜欢让生活很戏剧化的人。其它答案中,bitch包含了“mean”的意思,而矫情这个词不包含“人品差”这个特征,所以bitch不准确。affectation指的是虚张声势,artifitial用来形容人是不太恰当的。
如果想指虚假可以用fake,虚伪可以用hypocritical,虚荣是vain,浅薄是superficial,抱怨太多是whiny,娇气是bratty或者princessy,挑剔是picky。中文词语博大精深,矫情这同一个词随着情景的不同可以有N个解释,大家自己看着选吧~英文没有这么传情而笼统的这样一个词汇,但至少你可以非常准确地指出这个人到底哪里不对。

标准的melodrama举例:
安娜的男朋友,克里斯,给安娜做了一盘咖喱鸡当晚餐。吃了一块之后,安娜从椅子上起身,慢慢走到了墙角。
“你根本不为我考虑,”安娜闭起了眼睛,背顺着墙滑下去,直到她坐到了地上。“吃了咖喱鸡,口气就会变得糟糕。”她缩起了双腿,抱在胸前。“然后你就不想与我接吻了,然后你就不会爱我了。”说到这里,安娜把头埋进膝盖里,委屈地哭了起来。
“我不是那个意思!”克里斯惊惶地扔下叉子,跑到墙角边蹲下抱紧她。“我不是那个意思……”紧闭双眼,克里斯的眼泪瞬间掉落在地上,像玻璃一般支离破碎。“请原谅我……”
“不,我不能。”安娜握紧了拳头,承诺了她自己,这一次,她不会退让。“请原谅我。”她像新生的竹子那样站了起来,走向了大门。“再见了,克里斯。”
“不!安娜,不!”
随着一声响亮的关门声,克里斯像漏气的气球一样崩溃在了地上。
他轻轻地对自己唱起安娜最喜欢的歌。
“那咸咸的告别……沿海岸线终结……”

观众:"How beautifully melodramatic! ENCORE! ENCORE!"

(请自行脑补成英文后阅读)

Melodramatic:characteristic of melodrama, especially in being exaggerated, sensationalized, or overemotional.
中文翻译:melodrama的特征,特指过分夸张和过度情绪化。

Melodrama:a sensational dramatic piece with exaggerated characters and exciting events intended to appeal to the emotions.
中文翻译:一场有着夸张的人物特征和激动人心的情节的情感表演,一般是为了影响观众的情绪。

英语翻译 英语 英语学习 翻译 英语口语

推荐些对英语口语和听力有帮助的电影?

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那些电影最好网上是下的到的,有中英双字的,主角的口语是很地道,甚至很贵族气质的,只要不是恐怖片和那什么片,其他都成!感谢!

1,魔法灰姑娘〔学英语的好电影超级推荐〕(安妮海瑟薇主演)

2,贱女孩〔超级推荐看电影学英语〕(林赛罗汉主演)
3,灰姑娘的玻璃手机〔超级推荐〕
4,美人鱼〔超级推荐〕(里面音乐也很好听)
5,舞出我人生〔适合学英语的电影超级推荐〕(励志的!刚出了第二部)
6,录取通知书
7,水瓶座女孩
8,倒霉爱神(2006林赛罗汉主演)
9,儿女一箩筐
10,冰雪公主〔超级推荐〕
11,我的朋友是明星〔超级推荐〕
12,辣妈辣妹〔超级推荐〕(林赛罗汉主演)
13,物质女孩〔学英语的好电影超级推荐〕
14,疯狂金龟车(林赛罗汉主演)
15,平民天后〔超级推荐〕
16,公主日记(不用说勒)〔超级推荐〕(还有第二部哟!)
17,歌舞青春〔超级推荐〕[很热的电影!](Ⅰ和Ⅱ都喜欢)
18,律政俏佳人
19,麻辣宝贝〔超级推荐〕
20,恋爱刺客
21,美少女啦啦队〔适合学英语的电影超级推荐〕
22,12月男孩〔超级推荐〕(哈利波特演的哟)
23,足球尤物
24,魔法双星
25,超完美男人〔超级推荐〕
25,劲歌飞扬〔超级推荐〕
26,纽约时刻
27,奶牛美女
28,穿PRADA的恶魔〔超级推荐〕
29,天生一对
30,高校天后〔超级推荐〕
31,像乔丹一样
32,牛仔裤的夏天〔超级推荐超感人~〕
33,初恋的回忆〔超级推荐〕
34,甜心辣舞〔超级推荐〕
35,花豹美眉
36,女兵报道
37,女生向前翻〔超级推荐很立志!〕
38,小姐好辣
39,欧洲任我行
40,留级之王
41,风云才女(希尔顿酒店继承人之一尼克?希尔顿首部主打影片!这是一部有关大学女生校园生活的喜剧,看电影学英语的好影片描述大学校园里一群正处于青春叛逆
期、蠢蠢欲动的特权阶层少男少女平日里生活的点点滴滴……有点点SEX)〔超级推荐ILOVEHILTONSISTERS〕
42,谁领风骚〔超级推荐女生的可怕和可爱〕
43,SAVED
44,疯狂有理
45,初露锋芒
46,美丽坏宝贝〔超级推荐(很有教育意义)〕
47,新欢乐满堂
48,几乎正常
49,总统千金欧游记
50,辣妹保镖
51,我爱猫头鹰
52,朋友一场
53,偶像有约
54,彻夜狂欢
55,窈窕美眉
56,第1女儿〔超级推荐〕
57,被拯救者
58,对此承诺〔超级推荐〕
59,魔法保姆
60.对面恶女看过来
61,变装拍档〔超级推荐〕
62,虚拟偶像
63,新丁驾到
64,怪女孩出列〔超级推荐〕
65,一吻定江山
66.篮球兄弟
67,流行教母
68,魅力四射
69,美国甜心
70,超完美夺分〔超级推荐〕
80——86美国派1——6
87,小王子(韩)
88,不设防都市(韩)
89,科洛弗档案
90,十诫
91.恋爱假期(急速推荐)
92.乔治亚法则(林赛罗汉)
93.美女与丑姑(风流女帕里斯希尔顿新作)
94.附注我爱你(新片!唯美爱情)
95.珍妮朱诺
96-100惊声尖笑1-4(美国超级讽刺好莱坞大片大搞笑电影,极力推荐学英语的好电影)

电影 英语 英语学习 英语听力 英语口语

初中学生怎样提高英语成绩?

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更新一发!补充一些干货。评论有说希望给些高中英语的建议,我觉得初中高中要做的差不多,不过高中题型更多,题量更大,对应试技巧要求也高,所以针对题型写了一篇答案,传送门:如何学好高中英语,在高考中取得130以上的成绩? - 叶绿体的回答

高考英语幸运地考到了全校第二> <,成功挽救惨不忍睹的理综成绩的湖北孩子,来分享一下亲身经历。满满的心得。

我想带着个人经历来分享,不过还是把重点总结一下放在前面。

题主的问题是,初中生如何提高英语成绩
答案里看到有一些说看电影的,做练习的,看新概念的。我个人觉得操作性和性价比都不是很高。
1.看电影:很多人看英文电影,要么在看剧情,要么在看字幕。比较有效的利用电影学英语的方法是看英文字幕的电影,如果有不懂的,看完一遍再看一次有双语字幕的,甚至一两遍看不懂多看几遍。就算有初中生愿意这样苦练英语,英语电影里有很多很口语化的表达,还有一些对于初中生的考试来说不是很有用的表达,而且效率不算太高,不过培养一下对英语的兴趣还是可以的。
2.做练习:初中英语还是个打基础的过程吧,盲目的做练习不搞懂为什么还是徒劳
3.看新概念:我那时候也买了新概念,密密麻麻的字,而且要我除了课本以外还要多几本课本,我是不愿意的,而且初中生自学新概念有一定难度。

那么说一下我个人觉得,面对应试教育,针对提高成绩简单有效的方法吧:

1.背单词,把背单词放在第一个,倒不是说要在单词上花费多少时间,但是单词的确是听力阅读等等的基础。我以前给一个高三的女生补习英语,我发现她很多初中的词汇都没掌握,英语选择题多,她做题就靠蒙。所以没有单词做基础,其他的要实施起来就很难。
说一下怎么记单词吧,记单词很重要,但是我并不觉得记单词是多么大的负担。我从初中到高中,身边都有同学这样记单词:apple,A-P-P-L-E,apple,A-P-P-L-E......这样一直重复直到背下来。我初高中都有同学这样记单词,我觉得自己没有这种记忆力,要我这样去背单词真的是很大的负担,宝宝选择狗带!
我的建议就是:结合一下读音来背,边读这个单词,边用手指划一下怎么写。除此之外还要注意,记单词不要只会看着中文背英文,也要反过来看着英文说中文最好边背边写。那时候我都是这样记的:用一张纸蒙住单词左边的英文部分,看着中文去写英文,写完检查一下,再蒙住中文部分,看着英文写中文。把写错的,尤其多次写错的单词重点标记出来,以后复习都可以重点复习这些单词。背完去读读新的课文,检查自己记住了没,通过阅读来掌握新的单词还有一个好处,就是能更好的区别理解synonyms(近义词),这个在选择题里面都会考到的。

2.多听听力,都多背书,找找语感。我初中那会儿背书会设想自己是个听力播音员,想尽办法模仿听力磁带里的发音(当然现在应该不会用磁带啦,下载mp3里都可以)。所以我背得很投入不嫌无聊。多坚持一段时间,每天背书(课文有情景模拟的,在脑海里想象一下也不会太无聊)。慢慢会看到质的变化。背书真的超有用啊!!!!但是也真的需要坚持。不过完整地背下来一篇课文之后,那种成就感也是很棒的。

3.学英语一定要开口,在心里默念跟讲出来真的很不一样。

4.通过一定的投入,目标和奖励,让自己喜欢上英语。一般来说,投入了时间又取得了进步,很自然而然的会喜欢上。平时有空,看电影,听听力都是很不错的。我初高中那会儿都喜欢听Taylor Swift,Lenka,Avril的歌。

4.对老师教的语法知识做好笔记,熟练掌握,遇到对应句型语法就思考一下。讲真,初中的知识点不多,平时上课的时候就养成做笔记的习惯,如果课上做的笔记太乱,可以课后再用笔记本整理一下,整理下来你会发现很多知识点老师都在重复地讲,最后发现就那么些知识点要掌握。大大小小的考试啊做的卷子啊真的很多,老师都会课堂订正吧。用不一样颜色的笔把自己的错题涉及到的知识点考点弄清楚,整理好。真的有用心去做的话,英语这种文科,不断强化记忆后就不会再那么容易犯错了。


接下来讲讲我学习英语的经历。

先交代一下背景,我初中在一个发展还不错的小城市,教育水平是除了省重点教育最好的地方,但是也没有好到哪里去(上过voice and accent training以后发现那时候老师发音都很不标准)。

我小时候没有接触过英语,爸妈没怎么重视英语方面的培养。小学有英语课但是因为不考试,大家都是玩过来的。

记得小升初要考英语。考试前有一次模拟考,作为一个在小学考试分数总是很靠前的我,那是我第一次靠蒙写完全部。我记得阅读我就从文章里和问题答案找相似配对来写,听力一个单词都听不懂。那次我考了第一个不及格。班上有上补习班的小伙伴都考得比我好。我妈妈也不怪我。
在我小学毕业后,因为我自己提出来要学英语,妈妈就送我去培训班。到现在我还记得那个老师很漂亮,人很nice,去旅游给我们带小礼物,上课也很有趣。最后测评我还拿了满分得了奖品。

但其实,在那个培训班几乎没学到什么,除了知道很简单的问句和单词,对英语根本没有一个概念。

直到我上了初中,在全校最有名的老师班里。其实这个老师为什么有名呢?简单来说就是每次考试她班上的成绩最好。但是我这个老师实际只是初中毕业的水平。我们老师对我们的核心教学方法就是:背书。

我们初中有早自习,每天英语老师都会布置东西给我们背。要背的不止是课文,连阅读材料和课后附的听力练习的听力材料也要背。班上分小组,每个小组组长负责几个人,每天早上组长要去讲台到老师那里背。
因为当组长的也算是比较好一点的学生嘛,谁都不想输给谁,于是每天早上背书简直就是在比谁背得快背得熟练。背得快好像觉得特光荣哈哈。
对于初中生来说,老师布置的要背的内容真的很多,一开始我背得很难受,背很久也是吞吞吐吐的,可是我又怕来说批评,不敢不背。有次背得太痛苦,我一边哭一边撕报纸,后来还是背下来。

不过这都是刚开始背的时候。后来背得多了,我就很快能背下来一篇文章
有次我跟我语言课的老师说,我们初中是这样背课文的,老师觉得很无语。但是在我自己看来,对于我一个当时完全没有英语知识储备的人来说,这样的方式真的给了我很多素材。不管是在完形填空还是听力还是写作。

那时候有个妹妹英语不好,她妈妈把她送来我家和我一起学习。我发现她读英语的时候,只张口,没有声音。到了我每天听听力磁带背书的时候,我就带上耳机大声的背起来。我能从余光感觉到她的意外。后来慢慢的,她也开始旁若无人的背书。她妈妈也很开心。(现在这个妹妹好厉害!早就超过我!是个名校大学霸~)

还记得初中高中常常我同桌问我,这道题怎么选这个?我会说:“我也不是很确定,凭语感吧。”
也不是装,就是背得多了,有些看到有点不确定,但是却自然而然就觉得答案是那个。

那时候老师还会用很多小方法提高我们学习,比如根据月考成绩建立竞争对手,下次考试输的那一方要送对方一个小礼物。那时候我过关斩将一次又一次打败我们班学霸(其实我感觉是偶然吧,可能他们没发挥好)。但是我却越来越有信心。

其实我英语一直学得比较轻松,即使在高三也觉得没付出多少精力在英语上。因为是初中英语,不是很难,涉及得语法问题和题型都比较简单,所以专项的一些训练和提高我没怎么说(感觉高中英语才需要用得着这些)。不过已经这么多年了我都上大学了= = 也许现在初中英语已经很难了我还不知道呢。


我写得那么认真,宝宝不右上角给个赞咩( • ̀ω•́ )

学习 英语 英语学习 学习方法 英语词汇 英语口语 学生 初中生 学习成绩

为什么有的英语单词标注的音标和实际口语发音不同?

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如题,为什么有的英语单词标注的音标和实际口语发音不同?比如,有的单词音标标注的最后的末尾发音有点类似“额~”,但是实际老外的发声,音频和视频都有看到和发现,最后的末尾发音有点类似“诶(1)”。比如 the。(是真的不同还是我听出了错觉。)
这种情况是为什么?如何区别单词应该按照什么发音?
-----------
【补充:】“诶(1)”的意思是读音是先唉,收尾是1的感觉,就是很快的读,有点像......真的不知道如何表达这个发音了,反正大家不用纠结这个the什么的,我只是应别人要求给的我发现的这个例子而已,真正的重点应该是标注的音标和实际发音的不同。
就不明白为什么那么多人都在纠结我提问的the这个问题啊,又不是只有这个读音不同。

为排名第一的回答添加四个视频 @JasmineMei
语音学-元音1Phonetics - Basic Segments of Speech (Vowels I) http://www.tudou.com/programs/view/OHaPWsZZNb4/ 语音学-元音2Phonetics - Basic Segments of Speech (Vowels II) http://www.tudou.com/programs/view/GhwmhEybV_8/ 语音解剖学Phonetics - Speech Anatomy http://www.tudou.com/programs/view/paukBy9g2uw/ 语音学辅音-Phonetics - Basic Segments of Speech (Consonants) http://www.tudou.com/programs/view/CKs5br_HSvw/

语言 英语 英语学习 英语口语 英语单词

HP英文原著里有哪些朗诵出来都很有感觉的段落?

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想自己录点原声,但我原著还没啃完有点捉急_(:з)∠)_

谢邀~(我人生中第一次被邀请%>_<%)


读出来有感觉分两种情况:一种是在内容方面有内涵,一种是在语言方面有韵律。对于后者的鉴赏我实在不擅长,以前者为主讲几个我喜欢的英文片段:


Harry Potter and the philosopher's stone

  Dumbledore smiled at the look of amazement on Harry's face.
"To one as young as you, I'm sure it seems incredible, but to Nicolas and Perenelle, it really is like going to bed after a very, very long day.After all, to the well-organized mind, death is but the next great adventure. You know, the Stone was really not such a wonderful thing. As much money and life as you could want! The two things most human beings would choose above all -- the trouble is, humans do have a knack of choosing precisely those things that are worst for them." Harry lay there, lost for words. Dumbledore hummed a little and smiled at the ceiling.
  "Sir?" said Harry. "I've been thinking... sir -- even if the Stone's gone, Vol-, I mean, You-Know- Who --"
  "Call him Voldemort, Harry. Always use the proper name for things. Fear of a name increases fear of the thing itself."
  "Yes, sir. Well, Voldemort's going to try other ways of coming back, isn't he? I mean, he hasn't gone, has he?"
  "No, Harry, he has not. He is still out there somewhere, perhaps looking for another body to share... not being truly alive, he cannot be killed. He left Quirrell to die; he shows just as little mercy to his followers as his enemies. Nevertheless, Harry, while you may only have delayed his return to power, it will merely take someone else who is prepared to fight what seems a losing battle next time -- and if he is delayed again, and again, why, he may never return to power."
  Harry nodded, but stopped quickly, because it made his head hurt. Then he said, "Sir, there are some other things I'd like to know, if you can tell me... things I want to know the truth about...."
"The truth." Dumbledore sighed. "It is a beautiful and terrible thing, and should therefore be treated with great caution. However, I shall answer your questions unless I have a very good reason not to, in which case I beg you'll forgive me. I shall not, of course, lie."
  "Well... Voldemort said that he only killed my mother because she tried to stop him from killing me. But why would he want to kill me in the first place?"
  Dumbledore sighed very deeply this time.
  "Alas, the first thing you ask me, I cannot tell you. Not today. Not now. You will know, one day... put it from your mind for now, Harry. When you are older... I know you hate to hear this... when you are ready, you will know."
  And Harry knew it would be no good to argue.
  "But why couldn't Quirrell touch me?"
  "Your mother died to save you. If there is one thing Voldemort cannot understand, it is love. He didn't realize that love as powerful as your mother's for you leaves its own mark. Not a scar, no visible sign... to have been loved so deeply, even though the person who loved us is gone, will give us some protection forever. It is in your very skin. Quirrell, full of hatred, greed, and ambition, sharing his soul with Voldemort, could not touch you for this reason. It was agony to touch a person marked by something so good."

第一部魔法石的最后一章中哈利与邓布利多的对话,标黑的部分是我最喜欢的三句话,是邓布利多对于死亡、恐惧和爱的解读。尤其是第一句,死亡不过是另一场伟大的冒险~


Harry Porter and the chamber of secrets

  "Like what?" Harry spat, fists still clenched.
  "Well," said Riddle, smiling pleasantly, "how is it that you a skinny boy with no extraordinary magical talent - managed to defeat the greatest wizard of all time? How did you escape with nothing but a scar, while Lord Voldemort's powers were destroyed?"
  There was an odd red gleam in his hungry eyes now.
  "Why do you care how I escaped?" said Harry slowly. "Voldemort was after your time ......
  "Voldemort," said Riddle softly, "is my past, present, and future, Harry Potter . . . ."
  He pulled Harry's wand from his pocket and began to trace it through the air, writing three shimmering words:
  TOM MARVOLO RIDDLE
  Then he waved the wand once, and the letters of his name rearranged themselves:
  I AM LORD VOLDEMORT
  "You see?" he whispered. "It was a name I was already using at Hogwarts, to my most intimate friends only, of course. You think I was going to use my filthy Muggle father's name forever? I, in whose veins runs the blood of Salazar Slytherin himself, through my mother's side? I, keep the name of a foul, common Muggle, who abandoned me even before I was born, just because he found out his wife was a witch? No, Harry - I fashioned myself a new name, a name I knew wizards everywhere would one day fear to speak, when I had become the greatest sorcerer in the world!"
  Harry's brain seemed to have jammed. He stared numbly at Riddle, at the orphaned boy who had grown up to murder Harry's own parents, and so many others .... At last he forced himself to -,peak.
  "You're not," he said, his quiet voice full of hatred.
  "Not what?" snapped Riddle.
  "Not the greatest sorcerer in the world," said Harry, breathing fast. "Sorry to disappoint you and all that, but the greatest wizard in the world is Albus Dumbledore. Everyone says so. Even when you were strong, you didn't dare try and take over at Hogwarts. Dumbledore saw through you when you were at school and he still frightens you now, wherever you're hiding these days -"
  The smile had gone from Riddle's face, to be replaced by a very ugly look.
  "Dumbledore's been driven out of this castle by the mere memory of me!" he hissed.
  "He's not as gone as you might think!" Harry retorted. He was speaking at random, wanting to scare Riddle, wishing rather than believing it to be true.
  Riddle opened his mouth, but froze.

这是第二部密室里面哈利和里德尔的一段对话,深刻的道理倒是没有,不过分角色朗读的话应该比较精彩,尤其是里德尔高冷的语气~


Harry Potter And The Prisoner Of Azkaban

  He thought for a moment of telling Lupin about the dog he'd seen in Magnolia Crescent but decided not to. He didn't want Lupin to think he was a coward, especially since Lupin alreadv seemed to think he couldn't cope with a boggart.
  Something of Harry's thoughts seemed to have shown on his face, because Lupin said, "Anything worrying you, Harry?"
  "No," Harry lied. He drank a bit of tea and watched the grindylow brandishing a fist at him. "Yes," he said suddenly, putting his tea down on Lupin's desk. "You know that day we fought the boggart?"
  "Yes," said Lupin slowly.
  "Why didn't you let me fight it?" said Harry abruptly.
  Lupin raised his eyebrows.
  "I would have thought that was obvious, Harry," he said, sounding surprised.
  Harry, who had expected Lupin to deny that he'd done any such thing, was taken aback.
  "Why?" he said again.
  "Well," said Lupin, frowning slightly, "I assumed that if the boggart faced you, it would assume the shape of Lord Voldemort."
  Harry stared. Not only was this the last answer he'd expected, but Lupin had said Voldemort's name. The only person Harry had ever heard say the name aloud (apart from himself) was Professor Dumbledore.
  "Clearly, I was wrong," said Lupin, still frowning at Harry. "But I didn't think it a good idea for Lord Voldemort to materialize in the staffroom. I imagined that people would panic."
  "I didn't think of Voldemort," said Harry honestly. "I -- I remembered those dementors."
  "I see," said Lupin thoughtfully. "Well, well... I'm impressed." fie smiled slightly at the look of surprise on Harry's face. "That suggests that what you fear most of all is -- fear. Very wise, Harry."
  Harry didn't know what to say to that, so he drank some mot,, tea.
  "So you've been thinking that I didn't believe you capable of fighting the boggart?" said Lupin shrewdly.
  "Well... yeah," said Harry. He was suddenly feeling a lot happier. "Professor Lupin, you know the dementors --"
  He was interrupted by a knock on the door.
  "Come in," called Lupin.
  The door opened, and in came Snape. He was carrying a goblet, which was smoking faintly, and stopped at the sight of Harry, his black eyes narrowing.
  "Ah, Severus," said Lupin, smiling. "Thanks very much. Could you leave it here on the desk for me?"
  Snape set down the smoking goblet, his eyes wandering between Harry and Lupin.
  "I was just showing Harry my grindylow," said Lupin pleasantly, pointing at the tank.
  "Fascinating," said Snape, without looking at it. "You should drink that directly, Lupin."
  "Yes, Yes, I will," said Lupin.
  "I made an entire cauldronful," Snape continued. "If you need more.
  "I should probably take some again tomorrow. Thanks very much, Severus."  
  "Not at all," said Snape, but there was a look in his eye Harry didn't like. He backed out of the room, unsmiling and watchful.

第三部中哈利在上完第一节黑魔法防御术课后与卢平的一段对话,卢平告诉哈利他惧怕的是恐惧本身,然后斯内普进来了。我认为这段对话是整本书中整个情节的伏笔并且也是最有趣的部分,从中我们可以发现卢平毛茸茸的小秘密~


下面是整个第十九章的内容,里面包含了卢平、小天狼星、斯内普、小矮星彼得的对话,每个人的语言特色展现的很鲜明,非常精彩~(可能会很长,嫌长的可以掠过去)

Hermione screamed. Black leapt to his feet. Harry felt as though he'd received a huge electric shock.
  "I found this at the base of the Whomping Willow," said Snape, throwing the cloak aside, careful to keep this wand pointing directly at Lupin's chest. "Very useful, Potter, I thank you...."
  Snape was slightly breathless, but his face was full of suppressed triumph. "You're wondering, perhaps, how I knew you were here?" he said, his eyes glittering. "I've just been to your office, Lupin. You forgot to take your potion tonight, so I took a gobletful along. And very lucky I did... lucky for me, I mean. Lying on your desk was a certain map. One glance at it told me all I needed to know. I saw you running along this passageway and out of sight."
  "Severus --" Lupin began, but Snape overrode him.
  "I've told the headmaster again and again that you're helping your old friend Black into the castle, Lupin, and here's the proof. Not even I dreamed you would have the nerve to use this old place as your hideout --"
  "Severus, you're making a mistake," said Lupin urgently. "You haven't heard everything -- I can explain -- Sirius is not here to kill Harry --"
  "Two more for Azkaban tonight," said Snape, his eyes now gleaming fanatically. "I shall be interested to see how Dumbledore takes this.... He was quite convinced you were harmless, you know, Lupin... a tame werewolf --"
 "You fool," said Lupin softly. "Is a schoolboy grudge worth putting an innocent man back inside Azkaban?"
  BANG! Thin, snakelike cords burst from the end of Snape's wand and twisted themselves around Lupin's mouth, wrists, and ankles; he overbalanced and fell to the floor, unable to move. With a roar of rage, Black started toward Snape, but Snape pointed his wand straight between Black's eyes.
  "Give me a reason," he whispered. "Give me a reason to do it, and I swear I will."
  Black stopped dead. It would have been impossible to say which face showed more hatred.
  Harry stood there, paralyzed, not knowing what to do or whom to believe. He glanced around at Ron and Hermione. Ron looked just as confused as he did, still fighting to keep hold on the struggling Scabbers. Hermione, however, took an uncertain step toward Snape and said, in a very breathless voice, "Professor Snape -- it it wouldn't hurt to hear what they've got to say, w -- would it?"
  "Miss Granger, you are already facing suspension from this school," Snape spat. "You, Potter, and Weasley are out-of-bounds, in the company of a convicted murderer and a werewolf. For once in your life, hold your tongue."
  "But if -- if there was a mistake --"
  "KEEP QUIET, YOU STUPID GIRL!" Snape shouted, looking suddenly quite deranged. "DON'T TALK ABOUT WHAT YOU DON'T UNDERSTAND!" A few sparks shot out of the end of his wand, which was still pointed at Black's face. Hermione fell silent.
 "Vengeance is very sweet," Snape breathed at Black. "How I hoped I would be the one to catch you...."
  "The joke's on you again, Severus," Black snarled. "As long as this boy brings his rat up to the castle" -- he jerked his head at Ron -- "I'll come quietly...."
  "Up to the castle?" said Snape silkily. "I don't think we need to go that far. All I have to do is call the dementors once we get out of the Willow. They'll be very pleased to see you, Black... pleased enough to give you a little kiss, I daresay... I --"
  What little color there was in Blacks face left it.
  "You -you've got to hear me out," he croaked. "The rat -- look at the rat --"
  But there was a mad glint in Snape's eyes that Harry had never seen before. He seemed beyond reason.
  "Come on, all of you," he said. He clicked his fingers, and the ends of the cords that bound Lupin flew to his hands. "I'll drag the werewolf. Perhaps the dementors will have a kiss for him too --"
  Before he knew what he was doing, Harry had crossed the room in three strides and blocked the door.
  "Get out of the way, Potter, you're in enough trouble already," snarled Snape. "If I hadn't been here to save your skin --"
  "Professor Lupin could have killed me about a hundred times this year," Harry said. "I've been alone with him loads of times, having defense lessons against the dementors. If he was helping Black, why didn't he just finish me off then?"
  "Don't ask me to fathom the way a werewolf's mind works," hissed Snape. "Get out of the way, Potter."
  "YOURE PATHETIC!" Harry yelled. "JUST BECAUSE THEY MADE A FOOL OF YOU AT SCHOOL YOU WON'T EVEN LISTEN --"
"SILENCE! I WILL NOT BE SPOKEN TO LIKE THAT!" Snape shrieked, looking madder than ever. "Like father, like son, Potter! I have just saved your neck; you should be thanking me on bended knee! You would have been well served if he'd killed you! You'd have died like your father, too arrogant to believe you might be mistaken in Black -- now get out of the way, or I will make you. GET OUT OF THE WAY, POTTER!"
  Harry made up his mind in a split second. Before Snape could take even one step toward him, he had raised his wand.
  ……
  A flash of blue-white light erupted from both wands; for a moment, Scabbers was frozen in midair, his small gray form twisting madly -- Ron yelled -- the rat fell and hit the floor. There was another blinding flash of light and then --
  It was like watching a speeded-up film of a growing tree. A head was shooting upward from the ground; limbs were sprouting; a moment later, a man was standing where Scabbers had been, cringing and wringing his hands. Crookshanks was spitting and snarling on the bed; the hair on his back was standing up.
  He was a very short man, hardly taller than Harry and Hermione. His thin, colorless hair was unkempt and there was a large bald patch on top. He had the shrunken appearance of a plump man who has lost a lot of weight in a short time. His skin looked grubby, almost like Scabbers's fur, and something of the rat lingered around his pointed nose and his very small, watery eyes. He looked around at them all, his breathing fast and shallow. Harry saw his eyes dart to the door and back again.
  "Well, hello, Peter," said Lupin pleasantly, as though rats frequently erupted into old school friends around him. "Long time, no see.
"S -- Sirius... R -- Remus..." Even Pettigrew's voice was squeaky. Again, his eyes darted toward the door. "My friends... my old friends..."
  Black's wand arm rose, but Lupin seized him around the wrist, gave him a warning took, then turned again to Pettigrew, his voice light and casual.
  "We've been having a little chat, Peter, about what happened the night Lily and James died. You might have missed the finer points while you were squeaking around down there on the bed --"
  "Remus," gasped Pettigrew, and Harry could see beads of sweat breaking out over his pasty face, "you don't believe him, do you...? He tried to kill me, Remus...."
  "So we've heard," said Lupin, more coldly. "I'd like to clear up one or two little matters with you, Peter, if you'll be so --"
  "He's come to try and kill me again!" Pettigrew squeaked suddenly, pointing at Black, and Harry saw that he used his middle finger, because his index was missing. "He killed Lily and James and now he's going to kill me too.... You've got to help me, Remus...."
  Black's face looked more skull-like than ever as he stared at Pettigrew with his fathomless eyes.
  "No one's going to try and kill you until we've sorted a few things out," said Lupin.
  "Sorted things out?" squealed Pettigrew, looking wildly about him once more, eyes taking in the boarded windows and, again' the only door. "I knew he'd come after me! I knew he'd be back for me! I've been waiting for this for twelve years!"
  "You knew Sirius was going to break out of Azkaban?" said Lupin, his brow furrowed. "When nobody has ever done it before?"
  "He's got dark powers the rest of us can only dream of!" Pettigrew shouted shrilly. "How else did he get out of there? I suppose He-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named taught him a few tricks!"
  Black started to laugh, a horrible, mirthless laugh that filled the whole room.
  "Voldemort, teach me tricks?" he said.
  Pettigrew flinched as though Black had brandished a whip at him.
  "What, scared to hear your old master's name?" said Black. I don't blame you, Peter. His lot aren't very happy with you, are they?"
  "Don't know what you mean, Sirius --" muttered Pettigrew, his breathing faster than ever. His whole face was shining with sweat now.
  "You haven't been hiding from me for twelve years," said Black. "You've been hiding from Voldemort's old supporters. I heard things in Azkaban, Peter... They all think you're dead, or you'd have to answer to them.... I've heard them screaming all sorts of things in their sleep. Sounds like they think the double-crosser double-crossed them. Voldemort went to the Potters' on your information... and Voldemort met his downfall there. And not all Voldemort's supporters ended up in Azkaban, did they? There are still plenty out here, biding their time, pretending they've seen the error of their ways.
  If they ever got wind that you were still alive, Peter --"
  "Don't know... what you're talking about...," said Pettigrew again, more shrilly than ever. He wiped his face on his sleeve and looked up at Lupin. "You don't believe this -- this madness, Remus --"
  "I must admit, Peter, I have difficulty in understanding why an innocent man would want to spend twelve years as a rat," said Lupin evenly.
  "Innocent, but scared!" squealed Pettigrew. "If Voldemort's supporters were after me, it was because I put one of their best men in Azkaban -- the spy, Sirius Black!"
  Black's face contorted.
  "How dare you," he growled, sounding suddenly like the bearsized dog he had been. I, a spy for Voldemort? When did I ever sneak around people who were stronger and more powerful than myself? But you, Peter -- I'll never understand why I didn't see you were the spy from the start. You always liked big friends who'd look after you, didn't you? It used to be us... me and Remus... and James....
  Pettigrew wiped his face again; he was almost panting for breath.
  "Me, a spy... must be out of your mind... never... don't know how you can say such a --"
  "Lily and James only made you Secret-Keeper because I suggested it," Black hissed, so venomously that Pettigrew took a step backward. "I thought it was the perfect plan... a bluff... Voldemort would be sure to come after me, would never dream they'd use a weak, talentless thing like you.... It must have been the finest moment of your miserable life, telling Voldemort you could hand him the Potters."
  Pettigrew was muttering distractedly; Harry caught words like "far-fetched" and "lunacy," but he couldn't help paying more attention to the ashen color of Pettigrew's face and the way his eyes continued to dart toward the windows and door.
  "Professor Lupin?" said Hermione timidly. "Can -- can I say something?"
  "Certainly, Hermione," said Lupin courteously.
  "Well -- Scabbers -- I mean, this -- this man -- he's been sleeping in Harry's dormitory for three years. If he's working for You-Know-Who, how come he never tried to hurt Harry before now?"
  "There!" said Pettigrew shrilly, pointing at Ron with his maimed hand. "Thank you! You see, Remus? I have never hurt a hair of Harry's head! Why should I?"
  "I'll tell you why," said Black. "Because you never did anything for anyone unless you could see what was in it for you. Voldemort's been in hiding for fifteen years, they say he's half dead. You weren't about to commit murder right under Albus Dumbledore's nose, for a wreck of a wizard who'd lost all of his power, were you? You'd want to be quite sure he was the biggest bully in the playground before you went back to him, wouldn't you? Why else did you find a wizard family to take you in? Keeping an ear out for news, weren't YOU, Peter? Just in case your old protector regained strength, and it was safe to rejoin him...."
  Pettigrew opened his mouth and closed it several times. He seemed to have lost the ability to talk.
  "Er -- Mr. Black -- Sirius?" said Hermione.
  Black jumped at being addressed like this and stared at Hermione as though he had never seen anything quite like her.
  "If you don't mind me asking, how -- how did you get out of Azkaban, if you didn't use Dark Magic?"
  "Thank you!" gasped Pettigrew, nodding frantically at her. "Exactly! Precisely what I --"
  But Lupin silenced him with a look. Black was frowning slightly at Hermione, but not as though he were annoyed with her. He seemed to be pondering his answer.
  "I don't know how I did it," he said slowly. "I think the only reason I never lost my mind is that I knew I was innocent. That wasn't a happy thought, so the dementors couldn't suck it out of me... but it kept me sane and knowing who I am... helped me keep my powers... so when it all became ... too much... I could transform in my cell... become a dog. Dementors can't see, you know...." He swallowed. "They feel their way toward people by feeding off their emotions.... They could tell that my feelings were less -- less human, less complex when I was a dog... but they thought, of course, that I was losing my mind like everyone else in there, so it didn't trouble them. But I was weak, very weak, and I had no hope of driving them away from me without a wand...."
  "But then I saw Peter in that picture... I realized he was at Hogwarts with Harry... perfectly positioned to act, if one hint reached his ears that the Dark Side was gathering strength again...."
  Pettigrew was shaking his head, mouthing noiselessly, but staring all the while at Black as though hypnotized.
  "... ready to strike at the moment he could be sure of allies... and to deliver the last Potter to them. if he gave them Harry, who'd dare say he'd betrayed Lord Voldemort? He'd be welcomed back with honors....
  "So you see, I had to do something. I was the only one who knew Peter was still alive...."
  Harry remembered what Mr. Weasley had told Mrs. Wealsey. "The guards say he's been talking in his sleep... always the same words... 'He's at Hogwarts.'"
  "It was as if someone had lit a fire In my head, and the dementors couldn't destroy it.... It wasn't a happy feeling... it was an obsession... but it gave me strength, it cleared my mind. So, one night when they opened my door to bring food, I slipped past them as a dog.... It's so much harder for them to sense animal emotions that they were confused.... I was thin, very thin... thin enough to slip through the bars.... I swam as a dog back to the mainland.... I journeyed north and slipped into the Hogwarts grounds as a dog. I've been living in the forest ever since, except when I came to watch the Quidditch, of course. You fly as well as your father did, Harry...."
  He looked at Harry, who did not look away.
  "Believe me," croaked Black. "Believe me, Harry. I never betrayed James and Lily. I would have died before I betrayed them."
  And at long last, Harry believed him. Throat too tight to speak, he nodded.
  "No!"
  Pettigrew had fallen to his knees as though Harry's nod had been his own death sentence. He shuffled forward on his knees, groveling, his hands clasped in front of him as though praying.
  "Sirius -- it's me... it's Peter... your friend... you wouldn't --"
  Black kicked out and Pettigrew recoiled.
  "There's enough filth on my robes without you touching them," said Black.
  "Remus!" Pettigrew squeaked, turning to Lupin instead, writhing imploringly in front of him. "You don't believe this wouldn't Sirius have told you they'd changed the plan?"
  "Not if he thought I was the spy, Peter," said Lupin. "I assume that's why you didn't tell me, Sirius?" he said casually over Pettigrews head.
  "Forgive me, Remus," said Black.
  "Not at all, Padfoot, old friend," said Lupin, who was now rolling up his sleeves. "And will you, in turn, forgive me for believing you were the spy?"
  "Of course," said Black, and the ghost of a grin flitted across his gaunt face. He, too, began rolling up his sleeves. "Shall we kill him together?"
  "Yes, I think so," said Lupin grimly.
  "You wouldn't... you won't...," gasped Pettigrew. And he scrambled around to Ron.
 "Ron... haven't I been a good friend... a good pet? You won't let them kill me, Ron, will you... you're on my side, aren't you.
  But Ron was staring at Pettigrew with the utmost revulsion.
  "I let you sleep in my bed!" he said.
"Kind boy... kind master..." Pettigrew crawled toward Ron "You won't let them do it.... I was your rat.... I was a good pet...."
  "If you made a better rat than a human, it's not much to boast about, Peter," said Black harshly. Ron, going still paler with pain, wrenched his broken leg out of Pettigrew's reach. Pettigrew turned on his knees, staggered forward, and seized the hem of Hermione's robes.
"Sweet girl... clever girl... you -- you won't let them.... Help me...."
  Hermione pulled her robes out of Pettigrew's clutching hands and backed away against the wall, looking horrified.
  Pettigrew knelt, trembling uncontrollably, and-turned his head slowly toward Harry.
 "Harry... Harry... you look just like your father... just like him...."
  "HOW DARE YOU SPEAK TO HARRY?" roared Black. "HOW DARE YOU FACE HIM? HOW DARE YOU TALK ABOUT JAMES IN FRONT OF HIM?"
  "Harry," whispered Pettigrew, shuffling toward him, hands outstretched. "Harry, James wouldn't have wanted me killed.... James would have understood, Harry... he would have shown me mercy..."
  Both Black and Lupin strode forward, seized Pettigrew's shoulders, and threw him backward onto the floor. He sat there, twitching with terror, staring up at them.
  "You sold Lily and James to Voldemort," said Black, who was shaking too. "Do you deny it?"
  Pettigrew burst into tears. It was horrible to watch, like an oversized, balding baby, cowering on the floor.
  "Sirius, Sirius, what could I have done? The Dark Lord... you have no idea... he has weapons you can't imagine.... I was scared, Sirius, I was never brave like you and Remus and James. I never meant it to happen.... He-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named forced me --"
  "DON'T LIE!" bellowed Black. "YOU'D BEEN PASSING INFORMATION TO HIM FOR A YEAR BEFORE LILY AND JAMES DIED! YOU WERE HIS SPY!"
  "He -- he was taking over everywhere!" gasped Pettigrew. "Wh -- what was there to be gained by refusing him?"
  "What was there to be gained by fighting the most evil wizard who has ever existed?" said Black, with a terrible fury in his face. "Only innocent lives, Peter!"
  "You don't understand!" whined Pettigrew. "He would have killed me, Sirius!"
  "THEN YOU SHOULD HAVE DIED!" roared Black. "DIED RATHER THAN BETRAY YOUR FRIENDS, AS WE WOULD HAVE DONE FOR YOU!"
  Black and Lupin stood shoulder to shoulder, wands raised.
  "You should have realized," said Lupin quietly, "if Voldemort didn't kill you, we would. Good-bye, Peter."
  Hermione covered her face with her hands and turned to the wall.


然后就到了本书的最后,邓布利多说给哈利的一段对话(老邓的对话里总是会讲爱):

  "You think the dead we loved ever truly leave us? You think that we don't recall them more clearly than ever in times of great trouble? Your father is alive in you, Harry, and shows himself most plainly when you have need of him. How else could you produce that particular Patronus? Prongs rode again last night."


Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
  A thousand years or more ago, When I was newly sewn, There lived four wizards of renown, Whose names are still well known:
  Bold Gryffindor, from wild moor, Fair Ravenclaw, from glen, Sweet Hufflepuff, from valley broad, Shrewd Slytherin, from fin.
  They shared a wish, a hope, a dream, They hatched a daring plan To educate young sorcerers Thus Hogwarts School began.
  Now each of these four founders Formed their own house, for each Did value different virtues In the ones they had to teach.
  By Gryffindor, the bravest were Prized far beyond the rest; For Ravenclaw, the cleverest Would always be the best; For Hufflepuff, hard workers were Most worthy of admission; And power-hungry Slytherin Loved those of great ambition.
  While still alive they did divide Their favorites from the throng, Yet how to pick the worthy ones When they were dead and gone?
  'Twas Gryffindor who found the way, He whipped me off his head The founders put some brains in me So I could choose instead!
  Now slip me snug about your ears, I've never yet been wrong, I'll have a look inside your mind And tell where you belong!
帽子唱的歌,这是很有韵律的~
"Every guest in this Hall," said Dumbledore, and his eyes lingered upon the Durmstrang students, "will be welcomed back here at any time, should they wish to come. I say to you all, once again - in the light of Lord Voldemort's return, we are only as strong as we are united, as weak as we are divided. Lord Voldemorts gift for spreading discord and enmity is very great. We can fight it only by showing an equally strong bond of friendship and trust. Differences of habit and language are nothing at all if our aims are identical and our hearts are open.
  "It is my belief- and never have I so hoped that I am mistaken - that we are all facing dark and difficult times. Some of you in this Hall have already suffered directly at the hands of Lord Voldemort. Many of your families have been torn asunder. A week ago, a student was taken from our midst.
  "Remember Cedric. Remember, if the time should come when you have to make a choice between what is right and what is easy, remember what happened to a boy who was good, and kind, and brave, because he strayed across the path of Lord Voldemort. Remember Cedric Diggory."
老邓在塞德里克的哀悼会上说的话,关于正义和勇敢,关于如何选择。

Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix 
  'Harry, I owe you an explanation,' said Dumbledore. 'An explanation of an old man's mistakes. For I see now that what I have done, and not done, with regard to you, bears all the hallmarks of the failings of age. Youth cannot know how age thinks and feels. But old men are guilty if they forget what it was to be young . . . and I seem to have forgotten, lately . . .'
The sun was rising properly now; there was a rim of dazzling orange visible over the mountains and the sky above it was colourless and bright. The light fell upon Dumbledore, upon the silver of his eyebrows and beard, upon the lines gouged deeply into his lace.
……
'I trust Severus Snape,' said Dumbledore simply. 'But I forgot - another old man's mistake - that some wounds run too deep for the healing. I thought Professor Snape could overcome his feelings about your father - I was wrong.'
第五部凤凰社邓布利多和哈利的对话,老人家第一次承认自己老了,真的很心酸。

Harry Potter and The Half-Blood Prince
Hagrid was walking slowly up the aisle between the chairs. He was crying quite silently, his face gleaming with tears, and in his arms, wrapped in purple velvet spangled with golden stars, was what Harry knew to be Dumbledore's body. A sharp pain rose in Harry's throat at this sight: for a moment, the strange music and the knowledge that Dumbledore's body was so close seemed to take all warmth from the day. Ron looked white and shocked. Tears were falling thick and fast into both Ginny and Hermione's laps.
They could not see clearly what was happening at the front. Hagrid seemed to have placed the body carefully upon the table. Now he retreated down the aisle, blowing his nose with loud trumpeting noises that drew scandalised looks from some, including, Harry saw, Dolores Umbridge ... but Harry knew that Dumbledore would not have cared. He tried to make a friendly gesture to Hagrid as he passed, but Hagrid's eyes were so swollen it was a wonder he could see where he was going. Harry glanced at the back row to which Hagrid was heading and realised what was guiding him, for there, dressed in a jacket and trousers each the size of a small mar-quee, was the giant Grawp, his great ugly boulder-like head bowed, docile, almost human. Hagrid sat down next to his half-brother and Grawp palled Hagrid hard on the head, so that his chair legs sank into the ground. Harry had a wonder-ful momentary urge to laugh. But then the music stopped and he turned to face the front again.
A little tufty-haired man in plain black robes had got to his feet and stood now in front of Dumbledore's body. Harry could not hear what he was saying. Odd words floated back to them over the hundreds of beads. 'Nobility of spirit' ... 'intel-lectual contribution' ... 'greatness of heart' ... it did not mean very much. It had little to do with Dumbledore as Harry had known him. He suddenly remembered Dumbledore's idea of a few words: 'nitwit', 'oddment', 'blubber' and 'tweak 1, and again, had to suppress a grin ... what was the matter with him?
There was a soft splashing noise to his left and he saw that the merpeople had broken the surface to listen, too. He remembered Dumbledore crouching at the water's edge two years ago, very close to where Harry now sat, and conversing in Mermish with the Merchieftainess. Harry wondered where Dumbledore had learned Mermish. There was so much he had never asked him, so much he should have said ...
And then, without warning, it swept over him, the dreadful truth, more completely and undeniably than it had until now. Dumbledore was dead, gone ... he clutched the cold locket in his hand so tightly that it hurt, but he could not prevent hot tears spilling from his eyes: he looked away from Ginny and the others and stared out over the lake, towards the Forest, as the little man in black droned on ... there was movement among the trees. The centaurs had come to pay their respects, too. They did not move into the open but Harry saw them standing quite still, half-hidden in shadow, watching the wiz-ards, their bows hanging at their sides. And Harry remem-bered his first nightmarish trip into the Forest, the first time he had ever encountered the thing that was then Voldemort, and how he had faced him, and how he and Dumbledore had discussed fighting a losing battle not long thereafter. It was important, Dumbledore said, to fight, and fight again, and keep fighting, for only then could evil be kept at bay, though never quite eradicated ...
And Harry saw very clearly as be sal there under the hot sun bow people who cared about him had stood in front of him one by one, his mother, his father, his godfather, and finally Dumbledore, all determined to protect him; but now that was over. He could not let anybody else stand between him and Voldemort; he must abandon for ever the illusion he ought to have lost at the age of one: that the shelter of a parent's arms meant that nothing could hurt him. There was no waking from his nightmare, no comforting whisper in the dark that he was safe really, that it was all in his imagination; the last and greatest of his proteclors had died and he was more alone than he had ever been before.
The little man in black had stopped speaking at last and resumed his seat. Harry waited for somebody else to get to their feet; he expected speeches, probably from the Minister, but nobody moved.
Then several people screamed. Bright, white flames had erupted around Dumbledore's body and the table upon which it lay: higher and higher they rose, obscuring the body. White smoke spiralled into the air and made strange shapes: Harry thought, for one heart-stopping moment, that he saw a phoenix fly joyfully into the blue, but next second the fire had vanished. In its place was a white marble tomb, encasing Dumbledore's body and the table on which he had rested.
There were a few more cries of shock as a shower of arrows soared through the air, but they fell far short of the crowd. It was, Harry knew, the centaurs' tribute: he saw them turn tail and disappear back into the cool trees. Likewise the mer-people sank slowly back into the green water and were lost from view.
混血王子里面邓布利多的葬礼,看到哭%>_<%

最后用Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows 写在前面的话结束:
Death is but crossing the world,as friends do the seas;they live in one another still.For they must needs be present, that love and live in that which is omnipresent. In this diving glass they see face to face;and their converse is free,as well as pure.This is the comfort of friends,that though they may be said to die,yet their friendship and society are,in the best sense,ever present,because immortal.

英语 哈利·波特 英语口语

地道英语口音——腹式发音&胸腔发音,如何摆脱亚洲口音?

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希望各位知友给出强力的解答!本人目前口语还不错,于是乎变想进一步提升自己的口语能力,于是想到了模仿native speaker的口音,主要是指美国人很纯正的音色,深厚很有韵味的感觉,举个例子来说的话就是,一般的亚洲人即使英语能力再好,给人一听就知道是亚洲人说的,还是亚洲人的口音,于是比较纳闷!前两天也查阅了海量的资料,但是有给出的解释是,亚洲人一般的发音方式是以胸腔发音法,而欧美人用的是腹腔发音法,会使得底气比较足,即使在说话很快的情况下,一些单词还是很清晰(腹部有送气),因此,这也是一般的歌唱家训练腹式呼吸的原理吧,也听说了这种发音不会伤害到嗓子(KTV经验吧,lol),还是想请各位大神指教,不知道有什么方法可以借鉴,我特别想模仿那种感觉(本人并不是崇洋媚外,仅仅是个人感兴趣),跪谢!!!

没那么邪乎,跟唱美声似的……你看英语专业的语音教材,也没说什么“胸腔”、“腹式”,总说这些的都是跑江湖的为多。其实把口腔里各个器官姿势摆正确就可以。至于发音部位靠前靠后也没有一概而论的,得看具体是哪个音。

先把浊辅音发到位,也就是发b、g、d这种音的时候,声带要真振动,不要停留在光不送气上。这样能做到的的话,那种比较“沉”的调子自然就出来了。还比如h,不要用汉语拼音的h去代替,舌根紧张一点,让气流别受阻碍。以上两点做到位,能解决大半问题。

发音 英语 英语学习 英语口语 英语口音

我们在中学学习的英语距离国外英语环境的差距有多大?

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我们在中学学习的英语距离国外英语环境的差距有多大?

差距在於缺少垃圾。

假設你是一個想學中文的外國人,厭倦了中國對外漢語專業訓練出來的老師教的那些中文,跑到百度貼吧、知乎、新浪微博之類的地方去觀摩「真實的中國人語文」,你見到的 90% 都是不及格的、低俗的、暴力的、隨意的、但可以有效溝通的中文。

這就是 native 環境。世界是由大量垃圾和少量好東西組成的,任何 native 人都是吃着垃圾和好東西長大的。「有教養」的人,比例上會不太一樣,但即便對於他們,垃圾也是躲不掉的。只吃好東西的你,只看 EconomistNew YorkerTheElements of Style 的你,永遠也不會成爲 native。

好在互聯網提供了大量垃圾給我們。即便身在中國,你接觸英文垃圾的成本和接觸 New Yorker 的成本是幾乎一樣的了。請善加利用這一點吧。

学习 英语 英语学习 英语口语 国外生活

怎样解决英语的连读吞音等问题?

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外国人说英语会有吞音,连读,弱读的现象,那在英语前期阶段需不需要刻意去模仿他们呢?
这个吞音,弱读的练习要放在英语学习的哪个阶段?
这个是不是说一口地道的流畅的英语的关键?
要想学习他们那样说英语有没有什么技巧?

不邀自来。

我感觉中国的英语学习者无法连读的最重要的原因就是本身辅音就没有发完整以及潜意识地在词尾拖音。

比如发洛杉矶的简写“LA”,很多中国学习者发L的时候并没有把舌尖完全顶到上颚,导致发出的音就会变成“e偶欸”,而非“e偶累”。

如果说发不标准只能让你听起来不自然,那词尾的拖音简直让你的每一个单词之间完全是割裂的。比如发“this is”,我相信很多人会很不自觉地在将“s”拖出一个音节并加以声带振动,从而变成“thi死,i死”。然而其实辅音,特别是像s这种声带不震动的清辅音,发音是非常短促的,它提供给你的就是一个嘴型和送气方式罢了,你不能为他强行加上元音。
我想这一点跟中文里除了n就没有其他处在结尾的辅音有极大关系(后鼻音的g只作标识用,并不参与发音),以至于让我们潜意识的认为词尾总是会有声带振动的。

如果要改,请对症下药。首先,按照正确的方法(可以去看一下口腔的剖面图观察如何发音),学会每个音标的完整发音。然后反复练习带辅音结尾的单词,尝试着不“拖”,声带不振动。

然后,很重要的一点,不要害怕,大胆地去连读。不要把句子看成“This is an apple"而是”Thisisanapple"就好。

祝各位尽早成功。

英语 英语学习 英语口语 英语语法

本着方便交流理解的目的,与外国人口语交谈时最应该注意的是什么?

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我假设需要听到答案的人是英文口语还在进步中的朋友:

  • 千万要说的慢。
  • 用短句子,但是要说完整。
  • 使用肢体语言。
  • 条件允许的话,可以配合纸笔。
  • 心理素质要好,如果对方一遍没有听懂,你可以深呼吸,迅速以其他方式表达你要说明的意思,千万不能对方一pardon,你就崩溃。
  • 要自信,不要因为自己的口音而不敢说,你看那些印度阿三,说的这么难听的口音,但是英语母语的人反而都听的懂

老外其实不在乎口音的,就像我们也能听懂好多地方的带方言口音的普通话。
口语上也不会很严格的要求语法,有时候老外自己也是乱说的。
重要的是你把该说的关键词都清楚的说出来了。

PS: 后面 思行 的回答,里面有一个说,单复数不是很重要,其实个人认为这个还是满重要的,有一次一个外国人问我中饭吃了啥,我说吃了一些bean,然后对方死活听不懂,因为在他们的知识范围内他不能将你的中饭和吃了一颗豆联系起来,直到你说了beans,他才恍然大悟。所以我觉的要做到明确使用单复数其实不难,就像你要正确地在高速口语的情况下正确使用he和she,如果你思想高度集中,又不紧张的话应该是可以做到的。而分清单复数应该可以加到不少口语表达分。

还有 CindySSS 提到的身体距离问题也是很微妙的,很多外国人喜欢在说话的时候碰一下对方什么的,能缓解压力,增进好感,在有些时候反而会引起对方反感。据我所知我们中国人一般在排队挤车的时候挤的亲密度超高,其实在和陌生人交谈的时候是不喜欢被人碰的。

沟通技巧 英语 交流 英语口语 交际

如何上好一节英语口语课?

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学生背景:高职专科,英语底子非常弱,口语相对更弱,完整的句子基本上说不出来,语法基本不懂,词汇量更差。相当于高中英语就没有学好,到大学就更不愿意学,加上专业是工科,男生偏多,不想上英语课,或者上课不想理你的占80%。
请教知乎上的优秀老师们,如何在这样的背景下,调动起学生来,上好口语课?

真想把上面答案都给折叠了。文不对题。
看题主的学生状况,以前遇到过。个人给出几点Ideas。
1. 选定有趣的材料。高职的学生都不小了,自己有鉴别力,你课程材料的选择很重要。比如不妨从BBC的一些新闻或者第二外语系学习频道选择一些有趣的资料。开始图片为主,少量英文,激发学生兴趣。或者,选择电影片段,英文歌片段。都是很好,原汁原味资料。
2. 设计课程活动。Drama应该是最受欢迎的。模仿演讲也不错。唱歌比赛也可以嘛。只要能激发学生兴趣,就是最好的。
3. 调整心态,不要期望每个学生都因为你的课对英语感兴趣,成为英语达人。能有一部分人为之而改变就好了。认真做好自己的课堂内容,多给学生启发性的东西,一定可以的。

教育 英语口语 通识 大学教师

months mouths maths等等清舌齿音和s是连发吗?

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rt 如果不是 应该省略哪个呢?

American Pronunciation :

month : \ˈmən(t)th\
merriam-webster.com/dic

months : \ˈmən(t)s, ˈmən(t)ths\
merriam-webster.com/dic


mouth : \ˈmau̇th\
Mouth | Definition of Mouth by Merriam-Webster


mouths : \ˈmau̇thz also ˈmau̇z, ˈmau̇ths;
merriam-webster.com/dic


math : \ˈmath\
merriam-webster.com/dic


maths : \ˈmaths\
merriam-webster.com/dic


Youtube video American Pronunciation (需翻墙):

rachelsenglish.com/engl

http://rachelsenglish.com/link-th-sound/

rachelsenglish.com/ths-

rachelsenglish.com/clot

rachelsenglish.com/pron

youtube.com/watch? ( How to pronounce MONTH and MONTHS )

youtube.com/watch?

Q & A
ell.stackexchange.com/q

Others:
Searching from Google, Youtube


PS: 发音疑问 一定,绝对,必须 不要看中文的教材,不要中国人写的教材,不要查询有中文的网上辞典(什么百度,词霸,有道,沪江,都是错误的),也不要查询“有中文”的字典,辞典。哪怕是什么权威机构的 中文版 牛津,中文版柯林,中文版韦氏。

翻墙搜索 美音 or 英音 ,外国人的发音教学,外语使用的字典。

发音疑问,最好的方式就是不要问中国人,哪怕牛逼的,权威的,顶级的英语大师,英语专家,美国英语硕士,翻译硕士,英语专业,英语老师,英语教授,什么什么乱七八糟的头衔。

发音疑问,最好的方式就要问英语母语的人。(or 美语母语的人)


对了,不要问我。因为我是中国人。哈哈哈哈哈哈

英语 英语口语 英语发音 英语读音

Miss的读音是更接近“美死”还是“迷死”?

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想知道I这个音更准确的发音

这些答案我也是看不下去了。

题主,miss中的元音并不“美”更不是“迷”,

有人要是说介于“美”和“迷”之间那,那我问你一句:

徐濠萦、孙燕姿、杨千嬅的长相介于凤姐与高圆圆之间,你能将这三个人划等号吗?

说到正题,想通过用拼音来标注英语原因的发音,

这个方法行吗?行,这个方法是个捷径,很多没有英语基础的人跟着拼音标注可以轻松地读出一些英语单词、句子。

但是,我要说但是了!

但是这个方法仅限于初学者,仅限于水平还不足以去深究音准的初学者。

虽然我不知道你是不是初学者,但是既然你已经开始深究miss中的元音的真正发音了,

那我必须得负责人的告诉你一句话:

拼音里根本没有和元音[ɪ]一模一样的读音,

拼音里根本没有和元音[ɪ]一模一样的读音,

拼音里根本没有和元音[ɪ]一模一样的读音,

拓展来说,英文中有很多音在拼音里都根本无法找到对应,例子很多啊

比如中国人最爱搞混的,rose中的r和肉中的r就不是同一个,

还有L,你们没发现外国人发l和中国人发的l不一样吗?

还有那个最常见的ɒ,只有英音中才有美音中都没有的,到哪找中文拼音对应去啊?

话说回来,那到哪里去找元音[ɪ]的真正发音?

除了看美剧啊,找外教啊之类的简单粗暴的办法我教你几个法子吧:

1,去找其他包含元音[ɪ]的单词,然后归纳共性。

miss中的元音[ɪ]是英文中常见的一个元音,除了miss之外,其他单词比如:

chip、pip、dib、wish、ship、hit,还有我们最熟悉的is

这些单词中的原因[ɪ]都是一样的(你平常读对了吗)

把这个几个单词输入到词典里然后听发音,听完发音后跟着模仿模仿模仿,

觉得自己读的不像的把自己的读的录音然后比较自己的录音和电子词典的标准发音,找找你自己的差异。

2,去找和元音[ɪ]相近但是又不一样的元音,然后总结差异。

那你的例子miss来说,那就很简单了,元音里只有[i:]跟他最容易搞混,

那你比较一下...

chip-cheap、pip-peep、ship-sheep、hit-heat,

每组的第一个都是miss里的[ɪ],第二个都是长音[i:],

说到这个我得补充,受过专业训练的人都知道,英语发音有一个拼音没有的讲究,叫开口度,

还拿这个例子来说,[i:]和[ɪ]不仅区别在音长音短,而且区别在发音时的开口度上——

明显长音的开口度要比短音的开口度大,嘴咧的更大。

很多中国人学英文发音的初期,不重视开口度,就会导致最后相近的元音之间区别不清。

比如区别不了[ɪ]和[i:],都是没注意开口度的呀。

再引申一点,中文中的拼音即使有很多与英语原因非常非常相似的发音,

比如拼音中米的的i和元音长音[i:],也存在开口度的差异,不可等同。
(这是在发either的[i:],说的很快th的舌头马上就伸出来了,不过这里请注意看开口度)


(这是在发it的[ɪ],和had连读,看开口度,是不是小啦?)


所以,我得再说一遍,

用拼音一时爽,不正畸火葬场

用拼音一时爽,不正畸火葬场

用拼音一时爽,不正畸火葬场

话到最后,我必须得插一句,

每个人的发音都有自己的特点,

如果深究的话,世界上没有两个人有完全相同的声带,没有两次完全相同地发声过程(不能保证每次发音姿势,声带震动部位都完全一样),

所以,像题主这样,用心去纠结矫正一个元音的发音的确是一种值得鼓励的精神,

然而在日常对话实践中,我更建议大家在自己的发音一致性(uniformity)上下功夫,

这个一致性指什么呢?

还拿miss的例子来说,也就是每当你读chip、pip、dib、wish、ship、hit等这些包含的同一个元音时候,你发的元音(whatever that is)都是一样的,不会有几个读成[i:],有几个读成[ei]等等。

一个读成什么样,其他的都读成什么样,不会和相似的音混淆,不会把ship读成ship的同时把chip读成cheap。

音准问题不是交流中最大障碍,这个才是。

写到最后气消了,题主么么哒,大家么么哒。

英语 英语学习 英语听力 英语口语

一线口语是真正的外教吗?

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本人在一线口语学习了一些日常口语,老师是挺好的,但是学习起来总感觉老师不是真正的英语国家人,口音不是纯正的美式英语或英式英语,老师在其官网上也没找到名字和介绍,授课的时候,很少听老师说其国家的风俗习惯等。

一线口语从上课来说,在线上课,并且不依赖网络,不用考虑网速问题,在国内的线路很容易卡的,外教一般都是在国外,用网络的话有时候就有问题,电话上课就避免线路问题了,并且上课都是外教一对一的,自己跟外教说的机会多,这样能主动说,有个语境带动,学习起来效果就比较好,我上了三个月了,现在日常英语没有什么问题了,出去跟老外搭讪都没有问题。

英语口语

为培养中国学生标准的英语发音,现行小学英语课程有必要引入「严式音标」吗?

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为培养中国学生标准的英语发音,现行小学英语课程有必要引入「严式音标」吗?
譬如闪音、送气音、喉塞音、鼻化元音等。

相关视频:你不知道的英文發音!氣音閃音斷音

你不知道的英文發音!氣音閃音斷音 http://www.tudou.com/programs/view/kGR8KnTE3QM/

谢邀!

学生发音标准不标准和引入什么音标并无直接的关系,音标是文字的,不是活的。无论怎么描述一个发音,对于小学或者中学的学生来说,他们都很难理解。(而且音标中很多专业术语,诸如上颚、舌尖、唇齿之类的,不是每个人都能够把握好。)很多英语好的人,他们未必音标就掌握的好。对于母语人士来说,他们发音也不是靠音标,而是从小听爸妈说。我们学中文也不需要音标,因为我们是自然习得。

那么发音靠什么?很多时候就是靠模仿。

模仿的话,问题来了,模仿谁?我们现在中小学英语老师的英语发音真正达标的有几个呢?我们很多学生花费了很多时间学习,但不幸的是,他们最初的启蒙老师不好。启蒙老师说的英语很不标准,导致学生说的英语带着各种口音(有的口音实在奇怪至极)。

有人会说,学生可以听磁带呀!作为中小学生,如果家长不懂英语,他们最相信的就是老师。如果老师的英语不好,那么他们的启蒙就很坏,一辈子英语也可能就是地瓜腔了。

所以,我觉得引入什么音标根本不重要,最重要是学生从一开始就能够接触到标准的英语,按照标准英语来训练。这样的话,即便不能百分之百标准,至少可以做到百分之八十。

英语 英语学习 英语口语 英语发音 英语音标

英语语音好给你带来过什么机会?

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语音就像人的一张脸,语音好有时候会给语言学习者带来一些好的机会。你有过类似的经历吗?

谢邀!

语音好给我带来的机会就是这个:


当时是网络复赛吧好像。

在决赛第二轮的时候,我帮同组一位女选手,改善语音语调,以符合演讲的需求,最后我们获得该轮第一,非常有成就感的一件事。

有一次跟乐团出去演出,有海归团员问我是不是留过学的,我说我是只土鳖。

目前正在做免费纠音项目,想通过这个项目总结一下中国学生容易出现的发音问题。

希望自己能够成为像 Paul Gruber 和 Lisa Mojsin 那样的语音老师!

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英语 英语学习 英语口语 英语发音 英语语音

英式英语口音分哪些?美式英语呢?

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我所知的英式英语口音有 伦敦腔 威尔士
美式英语貌似听过一般美国人说的 还有南方口音


伦敦小孩模仿24种英语口音 惟妙惟肖 http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMjExMTQzNjYw.html

英国可分为不列颠,苏格兰,爱尔兰,威尔士,每个地区都有属于自己的口音,甚至每个地区下面的城市都有属于自己的口音。

从不列颠开始。这里南方的口音差异不大,跟RP也就是Recieved Pronounciation的区分度不高,但是东南部更像Cockney(其实有些地方就是Cockney)。RP的例子可以随便找个BBC播音员参考,几乎每个音节都是严格按照音标发音的,发音深度适中,大约跟智齿一个深度。所谓“伦敦腔”纯属国人根据“北京话跟普通话特接近”YY出来的,伦敦东西区的口音都不一样的,西区的发音非常标准,RP以及Posh都有,东区则是最著名的“伦敦腔”Cockney,不过Cockney根本称不上标准英语,高端大气上档次什么的就更不用说了。

Cockney口音的典型例子就是Adele,影视剧的话可以看一看黑道家族(The Take),里面几乎所有人都是Cockney,特点是深度约在喉咙处,说多了脖子累(参考The IT Crowd第三季第二集里Moss说多了Cockney得了个‘Cockney Neck’)。一般来说把RP的发音向后移至喉咙口深度,基本就变成Cockney了。Cockney还有几个典型的特点就是au发a(原谅我不会打音标吧 = =),a发的特别长(有点像鸭子叫),比如how now,用Cockney说出来效果就是aw naw。还有就是喉塞音glottal stop,几乎所有的t都可以不发音,变成类似“呃”的一个音节,比如better,water,cattle里面的t都不发音。还有th都变成了f或是v,不咬舌。

还有个略奇葩的Essex accent。这个口音跟Cockney的区分度不大,关键在口音背后的stereotype,总结起来就是一个字:蠢。可以看看Catherine Tate Show里头那对动不动就笑尿的Essex夫妇。

现在英国南部说的最多的是Estuary accent。这个口音融合了Cockney、RP还有一点Essex,听起来既不像RP那么装也不会像Cockney那样让人感觉没文化。

他还说了个chav口音。其实这个更多在措辞而不在口音。英国好多年轻人都不好好说话,各种省略音节造新词。可以看Cathering Tate Show里头的Lauren Cooper和著名的Vicky Pollard。

还得说一下传说中的Posh Accent,也就是贵族口音(posh的出处是portside out, starboard home,是原来有钱人为了怕太阳晒,去印度的来回都要分别坐在船的两侧,久而久之缩写就变成了posh)。严格来说这不是一种口音而是一种manner,就是略带炫耀,懒散和傲慢的腔调。所以在英国其实普通老百姓,尤其是出身不太好的人是很鄙视一口Posh Accent的人的。PA的发音特点跟RP差别不大,但是a音节比如hat不发大口的a,而是变成了het,以及(我不知道了大家补充吧。。)。例子呢,就是咱的炸叔Stephen Fry!另首相Cameron也是Posh Accent,只不过为了考虑亲民他在尽力纠正,他现在的发音更像Posh+RP的混合体。

还有Scouse口音,本人真的没研究因为现在也只能听懂20%左右(垂头捂脸),请自行参考各种利物浦球员采访等资料吧。

北方的口音跟苏格兰口音有些类似,但也有些区别。不列颠北方的口音典型的例子就是Sean Bean演的Ned Stark,还有Jon Snow以及火吻妹子(一句You know nothing, Jon Snow! 把北方口音的特点也演绎的淋漓尽致),说的时候感觉口腔是缩在一起的(因为冷吧),不发开口的a而是全改成o。另,也可参里的Jeff,里的Martha Costello(不太明显)。

苏格兰口音的发音和北方口音是很像的,但是苏格兰口音要发卷舌r,而且语调有变化,句末总是升调。喵其实我也只知道这么多,学不出来,也说不出来具体的区别。参考皮卡叔Peter Capaldi的各种本色出演(除去《火枪手》)。

爱尔兰口音就很萌的啦,可以参考IT Crowd里的Roy,他们是卷舌的r,但是发音深度很浅,基本集中在口腔前半部分。ai的音他们要发成类似oi的音,不过比oi稍浅。总的来说就是把所有发音都向前移,一句话里要有升有降,多数是从嗓子发音而不是丹田。大约就是这样。

威尔士口音参考Richard Ayoade(也就是上面提到的Moss)导演的电影潜水艇,故事就发生在威尔士。还有喜剧哈哈大校里面的胖子老师(就是第一集被人嘲讽为sheep-shagger的那位)。这个人在视频里说了句“Did you call me sheep-shagger? That is unacceptable, you bloody bastard.”Sheep-shagger就是对威尔士人的蔑称,有时候也用来称呼苏格兰人。

===========================腐美分割线=============================

美国各地美式英语的口音差别不是很大,因为美国是个效率至上的国家,英式英语里边说起来费劲,写起来费事的部分他们都改了。通常意义上的美式口音可以找个voa或是什么的听一下。另由于美国移民多,也衍生出了一些外语和美音混合的口音。这里主要讲Redneck和Brooklyn-Italian口音。

Redneck口音乃至Redneck文化在美国都是比较有代表性的,别人一旦听到你有Redneck口音马上就想叫你hillbilly,因为Redneck的区域,也就是美国西部牛仔的那片地方,代表着乡巴佬、没脑子、盲目爱国、种族主义、装X(当然这是stereotype)。这种口音的特点就是态度很傲慢懒散(注意没有炫耀哦),每个大口的e都要发的很长,比如understand后面的a,卷舌r比别的地方卷的厉害一些,说整个句子时,单词之间的连读要快,元音要拉长,整个句子抑扬顿挫,说的时候要尽量往前推,用鼻子发音,感觉鼻子都是往上翘的。例子参考Sheldon他妈,以及美剧《火线警探》(Justified)和著名的《阿甘正传》

布鲁克林意大利裔口音(也可以叫纽约口音)也是很有名的,参考里的Old Tony,<疑犯追踪>(Person of Interest)里的豆豆警探Fusco。但是我只能学出来但是说不出来区别 = = 说的时候感觉嘴里含了一口水,腮帮略收紧,各个音节的发音都没啥区别。另一般有这个口音的意大利人语法都不咋地(待证实!)。有个做stand up的叫Bill Burr就是这个口音。

还要提一下黑人的口音,美国各地黑人的口音其实我不大听得出来区别。。其实说起来比较的意义不大,因为他们自己发明了很多单词,词组,说的内容都不一样怎么比较 = = 但是总体来说他们说话的时候都是很用力的(!),每句话说出来,从胸腔到嘴都要发力,说的比较快,连读比较严重以至于经常吞音节。比如Give it to them, you all就变成了Givi to'em, y'all(这个句子没啥意义)。另他们说话是重感情,感觉的,乃至跟人交流的时候经常举一些“感觉”上的例子,甚至通感的例子。例子嘛,找首Lil Wayne或者T.I的rap听几遍研究一下歌词。

大概就是以上这些.
===========================另补充============================
想体验/挑战英伦各地口音可以看《小不列颠》,遍布各地,横跨不爱苏威。

羞耻的二维码:
不定期更新各种闲扯。

英国 英语 英语口语 英式英语 美式英语

外国人(或对此问题有见解的人)是如何看待高中学了三年“完成时对现在有影响而过去时不是”这个语法问题的?

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因为题主感觉至今仍然不能很好地区分到底是什么区别,外国人在说话的时候有没有注意什么时候用完成时而什么时候用过去时?你是如何区分这个语法问题的?可以提出你的任何见解

谢邀,请仔细读完我的答案,欢迎讨论:

完成态:

完成态、现在时接时间点表示到目前为止,已经发生或者完成的动作:

I have spent all of my money.

表示 现在 已经

He has returned from abroad.

表示 现在已经 返回

I've already seen this movie before.。

表示 现在 的我 已经 过了

I have never heard Bunny say anything against her.

表示到 现在为止 还没有听到

I have used this pen only three times. It is still good.

表示到 现在为止 已经用 过三次

完成态、过去时接时间点表示到过去某刻时刻为止,已经发生或者完成的动作:

When I woke up, it had already stopped raining.

1.过去某个时刻:当我醒来时,2. 雨 已经 停了。

I thought I had sent the letter a week before

1.过去某个时刻:我though的时刻,2. 我 已经 把信邮了。

I had finished reading the novel by nine o'clock last night

1.过去某个时刻:昨晚9点钟,2. 已经 读完这本小说


“现在时”与“过去时”的断层

汉语中,“过去时”和“现在时”紧密的连接在一起,如奔流不息的江水一般,不可分割。但是英语中,“过去时”和“现在时”处于隔断的状态,体现了西方人严谨的时间观念。这种时间上的断层,使得“现在时”具有某种连接过去和现在的桥梁作用。

现在时、一般态:

一、用于赛事解说:

Roger Federer servers to the left hand court and Djokovic makes a wonderful return.

罗杰·费德勒把球发向了场地左边,德约科维奇来了一个漂亮的回球。

二、用于已经发生(也可以说是正在发生)的,表示结果的动词:

There goes the bell./Here comes Mr.Wang.

铃响了。/王老师来了。

三、用于新闻类文稿,尤其是标题:

Iceland’s Prime Minister resigns After Panama Papers Leaks.

巴拿马文件泄露,爱尔兰总理辞职。

Architect Dame Zaha Hadid dies at 65.

(世界知名)建筑设计师扎哈·哈迪德去世,享年65岁

虽然以上动作逻辑上都是发生在过去,应该用一般过去时,但是由于英语在过去时和现在时上的“断层”,如果使用过去时,以上动作失去了“时效性”,显得与现在基本毫无关系,但事实却恰恰相反。所以通常使用现在时、一般态表示“刚刚发生、仍具有时效性”的动作。

现在时、完成态:

如果说现在时、完成态是连接“刚刚发生的动作”与现在的情况之间的桥梁,那么现在时、完成态就是连接“最近发生的动作”与现在的情况之间的桥梁:

I have lost my key. I could open the door right now.

我把钥匙弄丢了,现在打不开门了。

Scientists have discovered that, all over the world, millions of the frogs and toads are dying.

科学家们发现全世界范围内数以万计的青蛙和蟾蜍正在消亡。

Researchers have invented a way to make a computer part of the clothing you wear.

研究人员发明了一种“穿戴”计算机的方法。

对比两种完成态用法:

.John has met Susan before, so they know each other.

约翰之前已经苏珊了,所以他俩认识。(表已经发生/完成的动作)

John has just met Susan at the resturant, so she can’t be in the office right now.

约翰刚刚在餐厅见过苏珊,所以她现在肯定不在办公室。(起连接作用)

对比一般过去时和现在完成时:

1.现在完成时起连接作用时候,一定明示/或暗示了“桥梁”的另一头——现在的情况;一般过去时不会。

2.现在完成时起连接作用时候,通常避免与表过去的时间状语连用,因为这是过去时的专利。

Who has taken my bag? I couldn't find it.

谁拿走了我的包?我找不到了?

-Who took my bag yesterday?

-It was me.

Researchers have invented a way to make a computer part of the clothing you wear.

研究人员发明了一种“穿戴”计算机的方法。

It’s often said that Hernan Corters ‘discovered’ Mexico in 1519.

人们通常认为是荷南·科尔蒂斯与1519年发现了墨西哥大陆。

参加新东方杯英语口语比赛是什么感觉?

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这是一次永生难忘,回味无穷的体验。


这里有Jason的比赛视频
【黄杨相册视频】黄杨照片



正文


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以下是裹脚长文,多图预警!慎入!慎入!慎入!


我在整个比赛过程中经历了完全不同的三组队友,一共和9位选手一同工作过。可以说,这三个风格迥异的团队,是我在整个比赛中获得的最大的财富。


Team 1

Stylvia @杨盛淅

来自外经贸大学的妹妹,工商管理专业,同是四川老乡,我们时不时还要飙几句家乡话。工作狂。吃饭的时候笔记本电脑就不离手,随时在敲打键盘,准备北大光华案例比赛的资料。赛前培训的时候,电脑记笔记比手写还快,本来我还要假装认真听讲,结果她在旁边,手在键盘上都飞起来了,还有时间刷朋友圈,直接给跪了。商业模式培训的时候,她那句轻描淡写的:这些我在学校里都学过了。简直让我对这个团队信心爆棚啊,这么专业,想不晋级都难。


作为我们组员“民主选举”出来的团队领袖,她一人包办了我听都没听说过的PETS,SWOT,5 Forces商业模型分析,还自带炫目PPT模版,包办PPT制作,这种妹子去哪里找?最恐怖的一点是颜值还特别高,大家都说她像高圆圆!今年才大二,又是学生社团组织者,想想我大二的时候,整天就无所事事忙着谈恋爱,这就是差距啊。


决赛庆祝晚宴上,直接拿起一杯啤酒就和我干杯,直接吓尿好嘛,豪爽的妹子,我们还要相约在成都一起吃火锅呢!


Dora

报到那天因为路上发生事故堵车,直到团队破冰环节开始前一分钟才到场。都没来得及拍摄报到视频啥的。来了直接坐最后一排,我们团队破冰开始描绘未来中国的时候,我直接把她叫过来,她还以为是我们随机抓她过来,其实她就是我们的最后一名组员,在其他团队都已经确定组员之后,我们一直在等待Dora的粗线。


破冰环节她提供了很多点子,比如未来中国的图景应该包含了不同肤色的小孩,不同国家的人都会聚集到中国。思维活跃,尤其是比赛的时候都是直接上去即兴演讲,从来不备讲稿,不像我第一轮比赛背了那么久的稿子,最后上台还是一锅粥。


每次步行去长江商学院,Dora都非常自觉的把紫色笔记本电脑包丢给我,我当然是欣然接受,这么好的装绅士的机会怎能错过,后来家锌还来问我电脑包在哪里买的,很好看。第二轮Dora被淘汰,本来第二轮我所在的组得到最佳团队直接晋级,但是Dora在复活环节唱了I believe I can fly依旧被淘汰,我看着她在座位上哭,我瞬间就崩了,什么男儿有泪不轻弹都算个毛,作为一个敏感的男纸,我直接抱着她哭的稀里哗啦的,说好的我们在决赛重新回归一组的,反倒是Stylvia妹子来劝我别哭。


Joy

来自南航,我一开始奇怪为什么航空公司的人会来参加这个比赛,结果人家是来自南京航空航天大学。Joy赛前的调查问卷是做得非常认真的,不仅使用了网络问卷收集了很多数据,而且自己还在很多张A4纸上写了密密麻麻的问卷调查数据分析总结。足见她的工作态度是多么的认真端正。


比赛之前的演练环节,她的时间一直控制不好,但是她没有放弃,就算是比赛的时候,她都在场地外练了很久才回来,第一轮比赛完了以后,刘尚杰老师说她有些词汇的发音会让人产生理解偏差,尤其是她在really这个词的读音上和我讨论许久,最后我直接说只要别人能理解你,不必过分纠结于发音。她就是那么认真,没有明确结论她是不会善罢甘休的。


Team1对于任何选手来说,都是在一起工作时间最长的团队,因为大家不仅仅一起讨论presentation,还在赛前一起经历了团队破冰,商务培训,语言培训等环节,所以算是最有默契的团队。当我和他们共事的时候,真的能做到一言一语都能心领神会的状态,所以一开始我们都希望能够在比赛期间做彼此的队友不再分开,不过事与愿违,每一轮都要重新分组,无奈分离。但是一起经历这么多,感情也是最深的,所以Dora被淘汰,我没有绷住,比赛期间拥抱得最多的就是Dora和Stylvia,这种友谊,千载难逢。


Team 2

家锌

决赛之前,就算他会画国画,会做衣服,我还是通过微信朋友圈,QQ空间照片,以及他对服装的选择,他携带的大大小小的LV旅行包,给家锌直接贴了个富二代,土豪的标签。甚至于第一轮比赛结束重新抽签分组,当我知道我和家锌一组的时候,我是有一点点不愿意的。直到我们被分在同一个房间,在聊天中,我才知道,他今天能做到这样,是因为他很小就开始跟着自己哥哥做企业了,目前作为执行总裁,在四川经营着一家已经十多年了的教育咨询企业。而他,目前仅仅是四川国际标榜学院的大二学生。2017年就要去哈佛大学读书了。什么叫做人不可貌相,这次比赛十足给我上了生动的一课。


而家锌的能量决不仅仅局限在这里。他包办了我们组的PPT制作,他层出不穷的创意,他在比赛时候的自如表现,喜剧演员一般的幽默,都赢得了评委的一致称赞,很多老师都说他应该出现在电视上,而不是这样一个商业性质的比赛里。而且在比赛的过程中,他待人接物从来都是那么彬彬有礼,轻声细语。和他相处起来,不会有一丝负担。


下次有机会,一定去你的家乡攀枝花,吃好多金芒!


Rey

来自西安外国语学院。比赛中我对她的了解并不多,但是和她合作,非常的愉快,因为她是很乐意倾听的,当时她负责我们的产品基本功能介绍,我提出要组织语言,营造氛围,给评委和观众创造出一副细节丰富的画面,让他们仿佛置身其中,这样我们就可以勾起他们的购买欲望。Rey二话不说,觉得我的创意非常好,马上就去执行了。可以说,我们第二轮能够获得最佳团队,她对这个部分的完美执行功不可没。


尤其是在我帮助她组织语言,帮助她练习灵活的使用语音语调的变化,强调形容词创造画面感的时候,这些情景都是历历在目,终身难忘,下次再相遇,一定再说那一句“even in your tub when you're having a warrrrm bubble bath"哈哈!


千慧

来自青年政治学院,组队前也是了解甚少。组队后,在讨论演讲内容时,她一开始是想完成竞争对手对比分析这个环节的,可以看出来她做了相当充分的准备,掌握了一手详细的分析材料,所以当我试着把整个演讲内容推向sales pitch的时候,千慧是拒绝的。她觉得我们不应该过度的吹嘘这个产品多么多么厉害,因为评委想知道这个产品的优势劣势在哪里。


千慧是一个非常理性的姑娘,她排斥虚假宣传,排斥浮夸的演绎。不过最终我们还是达成了一致,因为我们并不是浮夸,不是虚假,只是我们倾向于有节制的说问题,千慧有太多的话想说,有太多的内容想去呈现,但是我们每人只有三分钟,所以我们只能做减法。最后千慧作为最后一个出场,由于我们前三个时间使用过多,导致她没能完成她的部分计时就结束了。


但是,她那一口纯正的英音,不紧不慢沉着冷静的语速,都是她制胜的法宝,这三轮比赛,她一直保持着这种稳扎稳打的状态,也难怪她最后能够进入三甲。三甲演讲上,她还说她要去学习严肃的新闻学,因为中国的媒体过度的娱乐化,真是一个有想法的姑娘,期待她以后改变中国的媒体!


Team 2也是一个非常合拍的组合,尤其是家锌希望我们都能各自发挥特长,而且我作为创意总监,我提出的想法能够得到组员的赞同,每一个组员都完美的执行了各自的部分,合作可以说是异常的轻松愉快的。再加上监督员古丽热不断的给我们提意见,Team 2作为第二轮唯一一个组员能够全部晋级的最佳团队,是占尽了天时地利人和的。


Team 3


Isa

来自于坐落在美丽的通利福尼亚的中国传媒大学。广播电视学专业,我们都算是学艺术的,所以第一天工作的时候,我能感受到同是艺术生在想法上的那种合拍。但是同是艺术生的我,在她面前也只能捉襟见肘。她的思维是那么的活跃,她可以每十秒钟就给你一个新的idea。从做线下巡回演唱会,到众筹,以至于其他两位姑娘只剩下不停的反驳她,因为她有一种魔性,一旦她提出一个idea,就有一堆论据来说服你她这个idea是可行的。


作为专业优势,她决定拍摄一个视频广告来作为我们推广计划的一个成果展示,视频的分屏,台本,她分分钟就在脑海里成型,台本迅速写好,第二天早上借到了相机,半个小时拍摄,十分钟就剪辑加特效得出成品,这种效率连她自己也不敢相信,她自己感叹这个视频是她有生以来剪得最快的一个。


作为最后的冠军,评委老师都一致认为,她是三天比赛中进步最神速,发挥最稳定的选手。我想说,我合作过的队友就包揽了冠军和季军,由衷高兴啊!


乐圻

和Rey一样来自西安外国语大学。手里总是拿着一本市场营销学教材,很厚的一本,可以随时不爽砸向组员。思维缜密,随时在阻止Isa进入自我说服状态,拥有团队领袖气质,一心想去沃顿商学院读书,也在我们的视频里完成了这一梦想。


和Stylvia妹纸一样,会倾向于用全商业的视角去看问题,毕竟都是商科背景,这是专业所赋予的独特视角。在工作时间,她甚至请求了自己专业老师的援助,虽然最后被我们否定,但是足以体现她为团队专业化所做的努力。决赛的时候更是作为第一个被提问的选手接了夏鹏老师的招,而且不慌不慢,对答自如。


媛媛

来自北师大。非常有想法,完美主义者,直到决赛当天早上吃早餐的时候还在给我和Isa说自己的新想法。她和千慧有点像,都有很多内容想要去呈现,而她更是希望自己的演讲能够完美的呈现出所有细节,我感觉仅仅三分钟时间是装不下她的想法的,她需要一个更大的舞台去体现她把控全局的能力。同样,在提问环节,她也非常从容的回答了评委们刁钻的问题,非常厉害!


Team 3作为决赛开场队伍,说实话压力山大。头一天的工作时间就出现了大问题。这个团队的三名女性都是非常有主见的,Isa随时都在说新idea,乐圻希望我们尽量专业,媛媛希望我们不要浮夸,三个女生可以说在非常克制的状态下从8点吵到了11点都没有把框架拉出来,甚至于差点我们就分成两组分别工作了。我的存在感仅仅在于时不时的提出一些意见,想想推广计划的title和slogan,翻译文案这些工作。因为说实话,这三个女性实在是太强了,强到我都想把整个舞台交给他们。这也导致我仅仅关注于怎么完成自己的开场,以至于没有用心熟悉整个presentation的内容,最后在提问环节dodging the bullets,拉低了团队分数。


总的来说,能够在短短三天时间内,与这9位比自己不知道优秀到哪里去的选手共事,并成为朋友,更别提能够有机会和业界大牛面对面交流,获得优质的实习机会,这种千载难逢的机会,你不来,就真的亏大了!


最后,再借着其他一些人物,丰富一下体验吧。

@恶魔的奶爸Sam

说起来也是缘分。我之所以能够在这个比赛中走这么远,都是托了他的福。要不是大四的时候开始关注奶爸的英语教室豆瓣小站,开始使用他在小站里分享的自学攻略,我的英语能力不会有今天。在英语学习上,他一直是我的指路明灯。之前在知乎有人问,有谁靠奶爸的方法提高了英语,我答了,又删了,因为我觉得没有一个有力的证据,直到现在,虽然不是三甲,但是我有足够底气去那个问题下面装逼了!


还记得一年前我在豆瓣上勾搭他,互留了联系方式,然后开始有一搭没一搭的聊英语,聊妹子。当时我说我要来参加这个比赛,他直接甩我一句呵呵,祝你好运。当我给他说我要来北京决赛了,他还是甩我一个链接,呐,你去看看我写的这个攻略吧。直到第一轮比赛当天,我才第一次见到他,我俩相视一笑,黄杨吧?是。你好你好!握了个手就走开了。


决赛结束,终于有机会和奶爸聊人生理想诗词歌赋,从酒店大堂聊到我的房间,最后直接聊到我的床上了...大家脑补一下...


话说奶爸人生最大逼的比赛攻略在知乎已经被删,唉~大家可以去这里调戏他

5月20日,你在干嘛? - 恶魔的奶爸Sam 的回答


攻略可以看这里:

Sina Visitor System

Sina Visitor System


王永峰老师

从前期的网络比赛阶段就得知您很看好我哟,搞的我信心爆棚啊。王老师,其实一开始我还觉得您说英语的时候口音蛮重的,别打我哈,但是来到北京以后才发现,我深深的被网络视频的效果给骗了。您这样的语音面貌和流利度,我不知道努力到什么时候才能追赶上。膜拜中...


王老师特别没有架子,特别亲切,特别会鼓励人!我永远都不会忘记第二轮比赛结束,你问起我们组的创意是谁想的,我说是我的时候,您说您特别喜欢整个演讲背后的创意,我当时就已经觉得我这次来比赛真是太值了。能得到王老师的认可,比啥前三甲更有成就感。我也不会忘记,某人给我说,每次我出场的时候,您都会给旁边的评委说:That's my man! That's my man!


Roisin老师

每次听您说英语都是一种享受,那种不紧不慢,从容不迫,生怕学生听不清楚的语音语调,是我一直努力的目标,当然,正如您所说:because I'm an English teacher. 我也会永远记住,你的建议:可以说得慢,但是不要停顿太久,不然听众就会以为你忘词或者出什么问题了。期待不久的将来能再见到您。


陆薇老师

还记得在决赛场地的走廊上偶遇您,您再次问起我的学校和专业,并关心我是否愿意来北京发展,当时我还说先看看比赛结果再决定吧。您就像一位母亲,和蔼可亲,对您,我是怀着无比的敬仰之情的,也希望有一天能成为您的学生!还要谢谢您向奶爸推荐我!


Logan老师

最难忘莫过于在总决赛工作时间,您两次来我们工作间,帮助我们理清了思路,您的建议使我们在最迷茫的时候找到方向。尤其是您一针见血直击要害的语言风格,展现了一名辩手的强大基本功。更别说赛后还知道你曾经当过兵,玩过鼓,简直是个充满故事的人!


刘尚杰老师

幽默风趣,强大的英语使用者,膜拜中... 团队破冰环节,永远不会忘记您在我陈述完我的idea以后,转过身小声对我说,I really like your idea, well done! 还有第一轮比赛结束,虽然我们团队只得了第三,但是您依旧鼓励我们,说您最喜欢我们这组,这些都是莫大的鼓励,也是我们前进的动力。


宋亚南老师

比赛的幕后Boss,一直为了这个比赛能够顺利进行而鞠躬尽瘁,连男友都不要了。最遗憾,没能在晚宴上和您合影留恋,下次一定要找您多拍几张!


艾力老师

作为众多选手的男神,只要你在那里,就已经足够了,就已经是我们不断学习的动力了。


夏鹏老师

夏老师虽已封神,但是也有可爱的一面,当我告知夏老师我来自贵州的时候,夏老师说我也是贵州的!并且用家乡话直接飙了一句,我平坝勒!能和夏老师用家乡话聊几句,也是极好的,哈哈。


还有很多人想写,不过怕再写下去就没完没了了。


幸运女神古丽热,只要她监督的队最后都胜出了。上届冠军昕哥,能模仿完乔布斯的演讲也是牛光闪闪!认真负责的树哥,一直陪着我们工作,就算身体抱恙也不去休息。为托福发愁的第一天的室友超儿。帅气的尔帕,漂亮的湖南妹子仟涵,大大咧咧的安琪,文静的韩煦,摄影周老师……太多太多,说都说不完。


最后是硬广:如果你是在校学生,如果你是英语爱好者或者英语专业,新东方口语大赛绝对能给你带来意想不到的收获,绝对能带你装逼带你飞,让你认识一众优秀的人的同时,还能和业界大牛谈笑风生,最后还带你住五星级酒店,还在犹豫啥?赶紧报名吧!




·

AD:考研名师 何某某 的英文口音怎么样?

·

怎么可以在三个月之内同英语与欧洲或者美国客人进行书面和口头的交流?

-

本人大二,因为是专科,面临实习,我是国际贸易专业的学生,我大二上学期考试四级,只考了408分,感觉好差。因为面临实习,所以去招聘网上看,说外贸这一行的任职资格是至少四级以上,最重要的是口语交流能力,所以想请各位大神,出个主意,我会努力的。

我给同事制定的三个月英语学习计划-坚持三个月,没效果你来找我!

另一个问题的4000多赞的回答,我直接粘贴过来好了!

看到知乎上很多牛人写的文章,都很不错,也很详细。我这里来说说具体的执行方法和学习计划,具体英语知识请扫码进群交流!

总之一句话,你不行动,你不开口,不管你身处何处,都白搭。这篇文章是前段时间我给同事列的计划。只要你敢坚持,我就敢保证你有进步,坚持的越久,效果越好,口语越牛逼。

口语考试为什么考不好请看我的教学反思贴英语口语怎么才能 keep talking? - Mark在中国的回答

“我是托福老师,我的理想是:让想学英语的人不再被坑” 更多干货扫盲贴见微信公众号/我的知乎专栏.


本文来自我的微信公众号:Markenese-------有问题,私信我!也可以扫码关注微信号阅读英语相关干货!

--疑问较多,我慢慢的补充在文章后面。我会挑选一些好的问题来回答在后面。但是提问之前请大家先把文章耐心的看完,很多疑惑都已经解答过了。--


如果你觉得对你有帮助,请点个赞,谢谢(收藏量已经破10000了,但是点赞量。。。我先哭会儿)

--大家貌似都关注在计划中的新概念2,大家注意啊,计划中不只是新概念,新概念只是一部分,重点用于口语和发音的自我纠正。更重要的是后面的精听和泛听,那才是提升内力的关键部分。--


-----计划的正文在此-----

很久没有系统的学习英语了,看到不少学生和朋友还在苦苦的为了学习英语而苦恼,想起了我大学时候去参加英语角那种想说说不出口的憋屈和尴尬。由于当时在English corner 的时候,大家貌似只喜欢和口语好的人玩,我这种哑巴英语自然被人冷落和忽视。


于是一向愤世嫉俗的我下定决心,我要成为英语角英语说得最棒的人。于是从那时开始,我就真正意义上开始了自己学习英语的旅途。


前两天同事突然问我:我该怎么学英语效果最好,而且很地道,没有口音。于是我告诉她:我给你列个计划,你按照我说的坚持三个月,你就不一样了!

开始之前,先回答一些疑问。

  • 提高听、说、读、写的秘诀是什么?


    • 听力不好是因为你听的少了。连读,吞音听不懂?还是因为你听的不够多!所以提高听力的方法就是-听!(这里有精听和泛听之分)


    • 口语的学习和听力应该是同步的!口语用于交流,你听都听不懂,还怎么交流? 所以不要抱怨你没有语言环境,没有老外陪你练习,多数人还没有达到需要和老外直接对话的水平。 言归正传,在听的懂的情况下,口语的提高别无他法,开口说是唯一的出路!


    • 英语的学习,我个人建议先从听口开始。想想我们是如何习得母语,就不难理解为什么。后期通过增加阅读量和写作练习,提高只是时间问题。


  • 我说英语的时候,总是习惯性的犯语法错误,性别不分怎么办?


    • 英语不是咱的母语,不犯错就真神了,就连很多没文化的本土美国人说英语也是错误连篇,所以: it's okay to make mistakes as long as you know you are making mistakes. 错的多了,纠正的多了,慢慢就会犯的越来越少了。


  • 为啥我的四六级,雅思托福等等各种考试考了一次又一次都考不高?


    • 英语能力好比内力,各类考试好比武功心法。所以这些考试考不好,是因为内力还不够深厚。武侠小说里,张无忌有了强大的内力之后,学什么招式都游刃有余。所以考试考不好,往往是能力还没到。

这就是我给同事列的英语学习计划:

有的伙伴说计划看不清,大部分人应该是看的清的吧? 如果看不清的话,电脑版肯定看的清楚的!




-----简单说明一下-----


为什么选择新概念二呢?首先它是英国人编写的经典教材,每篇文章很短,只有一小段,内容也很接地气,都是生活中会用得到的表达。如图:




精听用于提高词汇量和知识点,泛听用于磨耳朵,让你快速熟悉英语的声音。精听和泛听的资源,普特网上应有尽有。


-----------------

我大二坚持了三个月,四六级裸考优秀,同一年托业考了915,接近满分。BEC高级飘过,对当时的我已经算是很大的进步了。BTW,我是学统计学的,所以只要你想,时间总是可以抽出来的。


  • 这里是新概念下载资源:
(1)新概念1-4册pdf:链接:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1o7wfZT4 密码:mu97.
(2)新概念2、3册美音mp3链接: http://pan.baidu.com/s/1dEzMdix 密码: fm8z
(3). 新概念2、3册英音mp3链接: http://pan.baidu.com/s/1ntZNnEp 密码: mf9c

有很多人问那个软件什么,补充一下:那是新概念,如下图,巴贝塔新概念英语。



  • “真想认真学,还是买本纸质新概念吧”
app我觉得当录音听挺方便的,你要是真想好好学,买本纸质新概念吧,什么时候书被你翻烂了,说明你就学的到位了,需要你记笔记,标出自己不懂得地方,app用于听录音记单词就好。


  • “有人质疑新概念2会不会太简单”
有的小伙伴觉得新概念二是不是太简单了,大概觉得自己高中英语水平还是可以的,或者觉得自己的口语还是不错的,觉得没必要从新概念二开始。 我想说的是,如果你口语很牛逼(雅思口语至少7.0以上吧),你的确不需要。但是如果不是,相信你背完新概念2,你会发现日常口语对你来说是很自然 的事情,至少说英语不会像之前要想那么久才会给对方一个回应。注意:请一定按照计划里的步骤来背诵,一遍都不能少。


  • 背诵新概念二的同时,可以精学新概念三了!
新概念三用于提高词汇量、语法、写作有奇效!几十年不变的经典教材是有原因的!等你把第三册学完了,可以挑战一下第四册了!那么如何自学呢?具体参看我的回答:如何学习新概念如何正确使用《新概念英语》提高英语水平? - Mark在中国的回答

具体我就不再说了,哈哈!想学的关注我的微信公众号查看每日任务,里面有介绍!然后可以在优酷观看我录制的新概念三精讲视频!在优酷搜索:托福老师Mark 即可!


  • 在完全听不懂的情况下,泛听有用吗?
答案是:用心听就有用! 有人问我我不动脑子听有效果吗?当然没有啊,你需要用心去理解,去感受它的语速和节奏,才能到达磨耳朵的效果! 听不懂没关系,不需要你听懂,刚开始的一段时间可能的确听不懂,但是记住计划中还搭配了精听,精听的目的是提高词汇量和知识点以及听力能力,当你词汇量和听力能力慢慢上来了,耳朵也磨的差不多了,泛听也就慢慢可以听的懂了!

  • “过程枯燥,如何坚持”
首先,你要是真的走心学习了,你会发现你不知道的东西太多了,这会促使你继续下去。第二,相信我,坚持三个月,你学英语的欲望会更强,根本停不下来。要是想喷我,也请你坚持了三个月之后再来喷。


  • “按照计划坚持了三个月,我口语就会很牛逼么”
呵呵,当然不会!!!但是你从此就脱胎换骨了,你再也不是英语学渣了,四六级那种考试对你来说简直就和玩一样。口语必然不会一下子变得很牛逼,不会从哑巴英语一下子变成流利英语。但是你的口语储备已经具备了,你需要做的就是去运用,不管是英语角还是工作,还是课堂,还是出国,你的提高将会是前所未有的。因为你已经有了--内力--!
  • “计划适用于什么人?”
1. 如果你英语零基础,请看如何我的回答如何零基础学英语:怎样零基础自学英语? - Mark在中国的回答

2.如果记英语基础很薄弱,语法发音和糟糕,先找个靠谱的老师带着你学习二册的前30篇文章,自己觉得差不多了再开始自学。

  • 如何使用计划才能保证效果”
1. 请严格按照计划来,一遍不能少。即使你觉得你会了。 计划的意义不仅仅在于学习新知识,更重要的是重复,加深记忆。 重复是提升的保证。"How are you, I am fine" 这么地道的表达你都记得住,说的那么顺,这是为什么? 你自己都不知道你在内心重复了几万遍了吧。


2. 请注意精听和复述跟读的过程中,计划中有一点很重要: "模仿人家的口音,语音语调,口气"-"模仿人家的口音,语音语调,口气"-"模仿人家的口音,语音语调,口气"。 你要是坚持了三个月过来骂我,说学习了这么久还是被人嘲笑我发音难听,难听到没朋友。 你怪我咯? 所以 模仿环节请一定走心。

3. 虽然说三个月后你会有很大的进步,但是英语的学习是持续性的, 不学 不用会忘记的。


  • 聊聊背单词
我个人不信什么词根词缀,什么快速记忆。记单词的唯一方法就是重复,不管多少的单词,我每天花点时间过几遍,忘了我就去翻看,不断的重复记忆,自然而然的就记住了,不用搞得那么痛苦。见过不少人拿着四六级单词本来背单词,而且有的热甚者按照字母表顺序背诵,就是那种a开头的,b开头的。那样的记忆是极其枯燥和打击你的兴趣的,那种方法适合你查漏补缺,但是绝对不适合你去背单词,而且单词本身很活的,很多单词的在不同的语境下具有不同的词性和词义,所以个人推崇的方法是把单词放在句子或者文章里面记忆。

  • 背单词之前,请问问自己你为什么要背单词-为什么要背单词-为什么要背单词。

1. 如果只是为了考试,比如说阅读,你只需要记住他的意思,发音和拼写甚至你都不需要记住。 听力的话,你只需记住发音和听力识别就好。

2.如果你是为了口语,发音和用法就是你应该侧重的地方。

3. 但是,那些常用的单词,如 important/ significant/ essential/ crucial 这些同义词,他们都实用 常见,这类单词不管你为了什么,你都应该学会,完全掌握。

4. 有些单词,比如GRE, 托福中的某学学术性单词如 porosity,permeability,这些单词认识他就好,因为除了考试,你估计这辈子都不见得会遇到几次。

  • “使用新概念第二册还是第三册”
很多人问这个问题,我觉得大学生可以直接学习新概念三了,并不是说新概念二没用,概二用于口语的学习和语音语调的矫正还是不错的。具体参看我的回答:如何正确使用《新概念英语》提高英语水平? - Mark在中国的回答

  • 长难句看不懂,是因为语法没吃透吗?
这个问题问的很好!长难句是英语学习道路上必须攻克的一个难题! 根据我带的这么多托福学生的问题,我认为长难句看不懂有以下几个原因造成:
  1. 词汇量的匮乏。这听起来像废话,但是这的确是大多数学生的问题。
  2. 词汇词义理解片面/单一。在真实的语境中,单词的意思往往会因为语境而发生微妙的变化,但是多数学生对单词的比较单一,放在句子中翻译过来会很奇怪。
  3. 没有语法概念。这个不过多解释,不懂语法,长难句很难读懂。
  4. 有语法概念,但是语法不牢固或是反应时间太长。理解一个长难句需要很长时间。

很多老师告诉学生,长难句理解不了,你要学会找句子主干。听起来貌似好有道理的样子,我在教学的过程中发现:学生没有语法概念,找个毛线的主干。句子那么长,那个是主干?你觉得学生会找得到?所以主干适合具备了语法知识的学生。所以对于大多数学生,想看懂长难句,掌握扎实的语法知识是必经之路,其它的方法都是扯淡。

想学习长难句中的高频语法点,请查看我的微信公众号 Markenese 里面的语法专题。都是我上课的干货,非常有代表性和实用性。


  • “如何挤出时间”
本来我是拒绝回答这种问题的!你真的想学,时间自己自然会想办法去挤。当然,个人经验,可以把听力资源下载到手机或者mp4,晚上睡前一个或半小时做泛听,有助于睡眠哟! 平时上厕所,洗衣服,或者寂寞空虚了,闲的蛋疼了,掏出手机做精听或者泛听。每天保证一个小时的听力时间。坚持➕反思才是王道!

  • 坚持了几个月,能力有了之后改如何进一步提高?
有了听说读写的内力之后,你就具备了运用英语的能力了!你可以做这些事情:
  1. 看英文原版书,什么书都可以看。看的过程中会有很多生词,不懂过的查,第一本也许会很痛苦,但是坚持两本书,你就不一样了!
  2. 看美剧。这里的看美剧不是看着好玩,而是反反复复的看,找一部自己特别喜欢的美剧看!第一次看剧情,第二次注意台词表达,不懂的,或者地道的表达记下来学习!第三篇精听台词,去掉字幕。第四遍,跟读并复述台词。注意模仿语音语调等。
  3. 用英文写日志,记录自己的生活。
  4. 出国旅游,多多练习。
  5. 在coursera上面选择自己喜欢的大学课程,都是顶尖的国外大学录制的高质量高清晰课程,纯英文授课,布置作业,和你在国外读书其实没有本质区别。
等等等。。。

文章写的略粗糙,很多方面没涉及到,有问题提出来,大家一起探讨

谢谢你的阅读,有疑问可以关注
新浪微博:Mark在中国

扫码关注我的微信公众号Markenese,学英语你来找我

建于 2016-02-20
著作权归作者所有

在学好英语的过程中,你都遇到过哪些困难、难题和瓶颈呢?

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在学好英语得过程中,你都遇到过哪些问题,难题,瓶颈呢?最终都是怎样解决的呢?

刚到美国把吸管说成sucker三个月后才被纠正的路过,更要命的是有次把coke发音成cock
想象一下当我说I need a sucker for my cock时服务员的表情吧

洗衣粉detergent不会说,说成wasing soap
经常soap和soup发音弄混
mustard和wasabi原来不是一种东西
ketchup就是totamo sauce啊
不要说rubber就说eraser,去商店要rubber被思想不纯洁的店员给了一盒安全套
去餐馆点餐没图片就蒙逼了,要是被问要几分熟,side要什么,想要什么样的cheese一切都回答“surprise me”,然后服务员就一脸妈的智障的表情走开

到现在回头看过来,感觉美国人民理解能力满分

如何在西餐厅和老外聊天以提升口语?

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最近在西餐厅找了份实习工作,餐厅位于富人区,逼格较高,顾客大部分是外国人。这里工作的服务生告诉我可以在他们用餐的过程中多和他们聊聊天,提升口语的同时还能够挣到小费。
但是我一直怯于开口,只有他们主动找我聊天的时候我才说话。我的英语停留在可以进行基本日常对话但是不是十分熟练,性格还算比较开朗。想知道什么情况主动找他们聊天会比较合适?怎样和他们聊天不会显得突兀?有哪些好的话题和句子?知乎新人,十分感谢您的回答(☆_☆)

我上学那会儿也喜欢抓住一切机会找老外聊天,提升口语,但是一件事改变了我的这个习惯。
有一次健身完等朋友,旁边有个老外也在等朋友,就聊起来。不知道为什么,聊到他在中国生活的烦恼,他说最烦恼的就是健身的时候总是被想练口语的人打扰,而他只是想健身而已。从此以后我很少见到老外就抓着聊天了。
我觉得餐馆和健身房差不多,大家去是为了吃饭,大多数人会希望少被打扰,而不是有服务员说个不停。
我觉得你可以征得老板同意,在衣服上别个小牌子,上面写明你想找语言技能交换的朋友,应该会有人愿意的。

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